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Location Portugal, Alentejo
Central coordinates 7o 21.00' West  38o 54.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, C1, C6
Area 8,166 ha
Altitude 300 - 470m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves

Site description Steppic agricultural land of wheat-fields and dry pasture, with scattered evergreen oak Quercus woodland. Land-uses include cultivation and livestock-grazing. There is scattered human habitation. This site has two different areas, area of Vila Fernando and area of veiros, that are separated 10 km In the previous international IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989), this site was called Elvas Plains (former site PT028).

Key Biodiversity Important for breeding birds of steppic habitats, specially for population of Otis tarda that uses the two areas, Vila Fernando and Veiros. Significant proportion (1%) of national population breeding at site: Circus pygargus (8-10 pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  2003  7 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus resident  2003  12-14 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Red Kite Milvus milvus winter  2002-2003  20-25 individuals  good  C6  Near Threatened 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  2003  19-22 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  2003  106-110 individuals  good  A1, C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  2003  361 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Burhinus oedicnemus breeding  2003  20-30 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria winter  2002-2003  8,050 individuals  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2003  5-6 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra breeding  2003  115-170 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 not assessed favourable not assessed
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Elanus caeruleus Black-winged Kite 6 12 breeding pairs 100 favourable


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  20%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  80%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 80%
forestry 20%
hunting -

Protection status National None International None

References Pinto & Hellmich (1996)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Vila Fernando. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife