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Location Portugal, Alentejo,Algarve
Central coordinates 7o 39.00' West  37o 42.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, C1, C6
Area 76,578 ha
Altitude 170 - 310m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves



Site description This recently designated Natural Park includes a stretch of the lower Guadiana valley and the surrounding areas, close to the south-east border of Portugal. The valley is steep, with cliffs and sclerophyllous scrub. In the remaining areas there are mainly steppic habitats, non-intensive cereal fields and scrub.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2002  1-2 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia resident  1996  51-100 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  2001  48-49 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus non-breeding  1996  frequent  C6  Near Threatened 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  1996  11-50 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus resident  2001  6-15 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Black Kite Milvus migrans breeding  1996  1-5 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  2002  1 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  2001  4-5 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1996  101-250 individuals  good  A1, B2, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1996  101-250 individuals  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis resident  1996  80-120 individuals  medium  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Castro Verde - PTZPE0046 Birds Directive 85,345 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Guadiana - PTCON0036 Habitats Directive 38,463 protected area overlaps with site 17,922  
Vale do Guadiana Nature Park 69,669 protected area contained by site 69,773  
Vale do Guadiana - PTZPE0047 Birds Directive 76,547 protected area contained by site 76,547  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  12%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  50%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Water fringe vegetation  4%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  34%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -

Protection status National High International Partial69,733 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Guadiana, 69,733 ha). IBA overlaps with Special Protection Area.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: River Guadiana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife