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Location Portugal, Centro
Central coordinates 9o 31.00' West  39o 27.00' North
IBA criteria A4ii, A4iii, B1ii, B2, C2, C4, C6
Area 9,560 ha
Altitude 0 - 94m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves



Site description A small archipelago of rocky islets, the only sizeable such group off the Portuguese mainland, located c.8 km off the west coast. The largest of the islets covers only 2.5 km2Tourists and anglers visit the area in spring and summer.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea breeding  2002  117-220 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Madeiran Storm-petrel Oceanodroma castro breeding  1995  200-400 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1ii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus resident  1995  2 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Arquipélago da Berlenga - PTCON0006 Habitats Directive 96 protected area contained by site 96  
Berlengas Nature Reserve 9,560 protected area contained by site 9,560  
Ilhas Berlengas Biogenetic Reserves 1,020 unknown 0  
Ilhas Berlengas - PTZPE0009 Birds Directive 102,668 is identical to site 9,560  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea Open Sea; Sea inlets and coastal features  -
Coastline Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores; Shingle & stony beaches  -
Introduced vegetation   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
military -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National High International High9,560 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Berlenga, 9,560 ha). 9,560 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Ilhas Berlengas, 9,560 ha).

References Lecoq (2002)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Berlenga and Farilhões islands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife