|Central coordinates||8o 32.00' West 39o 22.00' North|
|IBA criteria||B1i, B2, C2, C6|
|Altitude||12 - 22m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2002|
Ornithological information One of the largest heronries in Iberia, also holding important numbers of breeding Platalea leucorodia, Milvus migrans and Chlidonias hybridus, and nationally important numbers of wintering duck.
Site description Freshwater marshes with alluvial forest and other water-fringe vegetation, located in the centre of the country, c.90 km north-east of Lisbon. The site is drained every year so that the outer areas can be cultivated but the core area is left flooded in most years. This IBA is located very close to the expanding town of Golegã.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia||breeding||2002||20-40 breeding pairs||good||B1i, B2, C2, C6||Least Concern|
|Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus||breeding||1996||common [units unknown]||-||C6||Least Concern|
|Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax||breeding||2002||30-100 breeding pairs||medium||C6||Least Concern|
|Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides||breeding||1995||rare [units unknown]||-||C6||Least Concern|
|Purple Heron Ardea purpurea||breeding||2002||3-10 breeding pairs||good||B2, C6||Least Concern|
|Little Egret Egretta garzetta||breeding||2002||200-400 breeding pairs||medium||C6||Least Concern|
|Black Kite Milvus migrans||breeding||2002||common [units unknown]||-||C6||Least Concern|
|Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio||resident||2002||1 breeding pairs||good||C6||Least Concern|
|Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida||breeding||2002||1-120 breeding pairs||good||C6||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Paúl do Boquilobo||UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve||554||protected area contained by site||395|
|Paúl do Boquilobo||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||529||protected area overlaps with site||369|
|Paul do Boquilobo||Nature Reserve||818||protected area contains site||369|
|Paul do Boquilobo - PTZPE0008||Birds Directive||433||protected area overlaps with site||385|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Alluvial and very wet forest||-|
|Wetlands (inland)||Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation||-|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Arable land||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Management considerations The presence of the introduced and highly invasive water- hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes causes a certain degree of ecological disruption. The site is also subject to pressure from farmers who want to intensify farming practices and increase the extent of cultivation (e.g. by further drainage). Urban expansion (Golegã) also causes problems.
Protection status National Partial International High369 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Paul do Boquilobo, 553ha). 433 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Paúl do Boquilobo, 433 ha). 395 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Paul do Boquilobo, 395 ha). IBA also overlaps with Ramsar Site (Paul do Boquilobo, 529 ha).
References Costa & Guedes (1996)Farinha et al. (2001)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Paul do Boquilobo. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/06/2013
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