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Location Armenia, Gegharkunik
Central coordinates 45o 20.27' East  40o 21.08' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i
Area 154,627 ha
Altitude 1,875 - 2,419m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Armenian Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)

Site description A large lake in east-central Armenia, the country's largest protected area (125,300 ha of lake and 24,800 ha of land).

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding Larus armenicus and large numbers of wintering waterfowl.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus unknown  1995  26 individuals  A1  Vulnerable 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca non-breeding  1995  60 individuals  A1  Near Threatened 
Armenian Gull Larus armenicus breeding  5,000 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed high

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lake Sevan Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 489,100 protected area contains site 150,000  
Sevan National Park 150,100 protected area contains site 150,000  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Arthur and Artak 2007


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas  major
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -
agriculture major
energy production and mining major
fisheries/aquaculture major
hunting minor
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation major
water management major

Protection status National High International High150,000 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Sevan). 150,000 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Lake Sevan, 489,100 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Sevan. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife