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Location Croatia, Dubrovacko-neretvanska zupanija
Central coordinates 17o 3.42' East  43o 20.15' North
IBA criteria A3, B1i
Area 24,915 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Association BIOM (Affiliate)



Site description Neretva Delta contains the largest complex of wetlands in Croatian littoral with well developed water-fringe vegetation (reedbeds, sedge communties, rush), floating and submergent vegetation around Neretva and its tributaries. The mouth of the river Neretva is characterised by wide lagoons, shallow sand bays, low coasts and saltmarshes. Reclaimed land is covered by agricultural landscape with many irrigation chanals. The area holds the most important breeding population of Bittern and Baillon’s Crake. Main threats are river canalization, drainage, agricultural intensification, changes in traditional farming, unregulated recreational activities and tourism, overfishing, excessive or illegal hunting and destruction of mud and sand flats.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca resident  1994  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata breeding  1994  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum breeding  1994  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala breeding  1994  present  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  1994  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer resident  1994  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1994  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  1994  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed negligible
unset
Unknown

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Delta Neretve Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 11,500 protected area contained by site 12,742  
Mocvarno Podrucje prud Kod Metkovica Special Reserve 250 protected area contained by site 522  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters; Water fringe vegetation  -
Coastline Salt marshes; Sand dunes & beaches  -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Neretve delta. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife