|Central coordinates||8o 47.00' West 41o 55.00' North|
|Altitude||0 - 50m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2002|
Site description The site borders Spain. In this estuary meets the Coura river. In the confluence of the two rivers there is a large area of reedbeds (Phragmites australis) and alluvial forest. Minho's estuary area presents an accentuated water salinity gradient, and includes saltmarshes, sand and mudflats and some islands with agricultural and cuttle breeding uses. Closer to Valença is also included the "veiga de São Pedro da Torre": a marsh humid area with a well-preserved alluvial forest.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus||breeding||2001||frequent [units unknown]||-||C6||Least Concern|
|Purple Heron Ardea purpurea||breeding||2001||1-2 breeding pairs||medium||C6||Least Concern|
|Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus||resident||2001||1-2 breeding pairs||medium||C6||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Estuários dos Rios Minho e Coura - PTZPE0001||Birds Directive||3,393||protected area overlaps with site||3,087|
|Litoral Norte - PTCON0017||Habitats Directive||2,796||protected area overlaps with site||293|
|Rio Minho - PTCON0019||Habitats Directive||4,554||protected area overlaps with site||2,473|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland||-|
|Wetlands (inland)||Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation||-|
|Sea||Sea inlets and coastal features||-|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Arable land||-|
|Coastline||Lagoons; Mud flats & sand flats; Salt marshes; Sand dunes & beaches; Shingle & stony beaches; Tidal rivers & enclosed tidal waters||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status National Special Protection Area (Estuários do Minho e Coura, 3,393 ha overlaps with IBA); SIC proposal Rio Minho (4,554 ha, 2,472 ha contained by IBA) International HighSpecial Protection Area "Estuários do Minho e Coura"; SIC candidature Rio Minho.
References Farinha & Trindade (1994)Costa & Guedes (1996)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Minho and Coura estuaries. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/12/2013
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