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Location Belgium, Vlaams Gewest
Central coordinates 3o 11.00' East  51o 21.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, C2
Area 230 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000

BirdLife Belgium

Site description An industrial area in Zeebrugge harbour.

Key Biodiversity This is an important tern colony, with the only breeding site for Sterna albifrons and S. sandvicensis in the country. The area also holds 114 breeding pairs of Charadrius alexandrinus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis breeding  1997  1,950 breeding pairs  unknown  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  1,500-1,800 breeding pairs  C2  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  1997  425 breeding pairs  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Baai van Heist Regional Nature Reserve (Flemish Region) 36 protected area contained by site 45  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National Partial International None45 ha of IBA covered by State Nature Reserve (Baai van Heist, 45 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Voorhaven Zeebrugge and Baai van Heist. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife