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Location Latvia, Saldus district
Central coordinates 22o 36.00' East  56o 30.00' North
IBA criteria C6
Area 8,169 ha
Altitude 100 - 140m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Latvijas Ornitologijas Biedriba

Site description Vast forest site, largely unaffected by drainage and comparatively lightly managed due to its status as a former Soviet military firing range. Several natural streams with many beaver dams cross the area. Most of the forests are secondary deciduous stands comprising remnants of old-growth stands. Listed as an IBA since 2000 [3, 1]. Fully protected: there is a 100% overlap with the newly designated Zvarde forests nature park, a candidate SPA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1994  5-7 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  1994-2004  8-12 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Dendrocopos leucotos resident  1994-2004  20-35 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Picoides tridactylus resident  1994-2004  15-30 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  1994-2004  10-20 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Zvarde Nature Reserve 3,072 protected area overlaps with site 1  
Zvardes mezi Nature Park 8,173 protected area overlaps with site 8,168  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  71%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  1%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes  7%
Grassland Mesophile grasslands  9%
Shrubland Scrub  12%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 15%
nature conservation and research -
hunting 60%
tourism/recreation minor
urban/industrial/transport 7%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Zvarde forest. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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