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Location Cyprus, Limassol District,Paphos District
Central coordinates 32o 37.63' East  34o 48.81' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B2, B3, C1, C6
Area 9,558 ha
Altitude 20 - 800m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus

Summary This extensive IBA is one of the four ‘valley’ IBAs carved by rivers flowing from the Troodos massif to the south-west coast, with the Xeros River being the creating force in this case. This is the most important of the four ‘valley’ IBAs, with a long catalogue of qualifying species including three species of global conservation concern: breeding European Rollers (Coracias garrulus), migrating Pallid Harriers (Circus macrourus) and Redfooted Falcons (Falco vespertinus). This site is also an Endemic Bird Area with both Cyprus Wheatear (Oenanthe cypriaca) and Cyprus Warbler (Sylvia melanothorax) found here in very good numbers. The open landscape of the Xeros valley also hosts important breeding populations of Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus) and Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) – plus a pair of Bonelli’s Eagle
(Aquila fasciata). To this catalogue must be added important breeding numbers of Stone Curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus), Masked Shrike (Lanius nubicus), Little Owl (Athene noctua), Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus), Crested Lark (Galerida cristata) and Cretzschmar’s Bunting (Emberiza caesia). Finally, the site is also an important feeding area for the Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) and an
important site for autumn raptor passage.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus breeding  2005-2011  50-249 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus passage  2005-2011  50-249 individuals  medium  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Falco peregrinus breeding  2005-2011  5-7 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus passage  2005-2011  20-40 individuals  medium  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus breeding  2005-2011  3-5 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Burhinus oedicnemus breeding  2005-2011  < 50 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Little Owl Athene noctua breeding  2005-2011  200-300 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2005-2011  30-100 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  2005-2011  100-300 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Crested Lark Galerida cristata breeding  2005-2011  2,000-3,000 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax breeding  2005-2011  1,500-2,500 breeding pairs  medium  A2, B2  Least Concern 
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca breeding  2005-2011  1,500-2,500 breeding pairs  medium  A2, B3, C6  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  2005-2011  300-700 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   5%
Wetlands (inland)   2%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  57%
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  4%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  29%
Other   3%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 15%
water management 85%

References Hellicar, M.A., Anastasi, V., Beton, D. & Snape, R. (2014). Important Bird Areas of Cyprus. BirdLife Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife