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Location Switzerland, Appenzell-A.RH.,Appenzell-I.RH.,St. Gallen
Central coordinates 9o 18.00' East  47o 11.00' North
IBA criteria A3, B2, B3
Area 39,578 ha
Altitude 450 - 2,500m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SVS/BirdLife Switzerland



Summary A mountainous area with mixed and conifer forest, alpine meadows and rocky areas. An important site for alpine species and species associated with subalpine forest. The main threats are from recreational activities.

Site description Das IBA «Oberes Toggenburg – Säntis» liegt in den östlichen Voralpen und umfasst den oberen Einzugsbereich der Thur. Die Alpstein-Region mit Säntis (2502 m ü. M.) und Schwägalp bildet den nördlichen Teil des IBAs. Im Süden reicht das Gebiet mit den Churfirsten bis fast an den Walensee. In den tieferen Lagen des IBAs – hauptsächlich im oberen Toggenburg – befinden sich kleinere Ortschaften. Das Land wird auf dieser Stufe mehrheitlich als Weide oder Wiese genutzt und der Wald ist hier vielerorts zurückgedrängt. Der Mischwald in den unteren Lagen (Churfirsten-Südfuss und Rheintal) wird in den oberen vom subalpinen Fichtenwald abgelöst. In diesen Höhenlagen ist die Landschaft abwechslungsreich und Weiden, Wälder, Gräben, kleine Felsen und Moorlandschaften gehen ineinander über. Darüber dominieren alpine Rasen und grössere Felsregionen.

Key Biodiversity In den subalpinen Wäldern brüten Grünspecht, Ringdrossel und Zitronengirlitz in grösserer Zahl. Das Gebiet liegt für einige alpine Vogelarten am nördlichen Rand des Verbreitungsgebietes in der Schweiz: So beherbergt der Säntis eine grössere Kolonie von Alpendohlen und Steinadler, Steinhuhn, Alpenbraunelle und Schneesperling brüten im IBA. Das Toggenburg gehört zu den Vorranggebieten beim Schutz der Raufusshühner.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix resident  1996  250-450 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  2-5 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Not Recognised 
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus breeding  1996  70-200 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  7-8 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Picoides tridactylus resident  1996  30-110 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Not Recognised 
Picus canus resident  1996  5-20 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Picus viridis resident  1996  200-400 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Not Recognised 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  1996  300-500 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus breeding  1996  1,500-2,500 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  1996  5-15 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis resident  1996  40-150 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  1996  100 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Citril Finch Carduelis citrinella breeding  1996  400 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2012 medium not assessed negligible
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Aelpli/Eggenriet Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 13 protected area contained by site 13  
Älpli / Eggenriet Fenlands of National Importance 8 protected area contained by site 8  
Altschenchopf Fenlands of National Importance 111 protected area contained by site 111  
Altschenchopf Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Altstofel Fenlands of National Importance 21 protected area contained by site 21  
Altstofel Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Ampferenboden Floodplains of National Importance 6 protected area contained by site 6  
Bilchenriet/Unterwald/Schiltmoos Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 7 protected area contained by site 7  
Cholwald Schwaegalp Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 5 protected area contained by site 5  
Cholwald Schwägalp Fenlands of National Importance 20 protected area contained by site 20  
Dreihuetten/Gampluet Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 5 protected area contained by site 5  
Dreihütten / Gamplüt Fenlands of National Importance 5 protected area contained by site 5  
Engenriet Fenlands of National Importance 5 protected area contained by site 5  
Espel Fenlands of National Importance 5 protected area contained by site 5  
Friessen Fenlands of National Importance 12 protected area contained by site 12  
Friessen Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 3 protected area contained by site 3  
Gamperfin Mire Landscapes of National Importance 282 protected area contained by site 282  
Gamperfin/Turbenriet/Tischenriet/Gapels Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 27 protected area contained by site 27  
Gräppelen Fenlands of National Importance 43 protected area contained by site 43  
Gräppelen Mire Landscapes of National Importance 438 protected area contained by site 438  
Grossriet/Arvenbueel Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 9 protected area contained by site 9  
Gruen / Neuhüttli Fenlands of National Importance 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Gruen/Neuhuettli Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 3 protected area contained by site 3  
Helchen Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Hinterschluchen Fenlands of National Importance 56 protected area contained by site 56  
Hinterschluchen Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 11 protected area contained by site 11  
Hirzenbäder / Sommerweid Fenlands of National Importance 41 protected area contained by site 41  
Hirzenbaeder/Sommerweid Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Loch 1 Fenlands of National Importance 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Luetisalp Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Malunriet Fenlands of National Importance 16 protected area contained by site 16  
Moor noerdlich Heeg Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Moore auf dem Chraezerenpass Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 13 protected area contained by site 11  
Moore im Traemelloch Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Moore im Trämelloch Fenlands of National Importance 106 protected area contained by site 106  
Munzenriet Fenlands of National Importance 41 protected area contained by site 41  
Munzenriet Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 5 protected area contained by site 5  
Oberhag / Müselen / Langriet Fenlands of National Importance 34 protected area contained by site 34  
Palfris Fenlands of National Importance 45 protected area contained by site 45  
Potersalp Fenlands of National Importance 23 protected area contained by site 30  
Potersalp Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 7 protected area contained by site 5  
Risipass Fenlands of National Importance 9 protected area overlaps with site 7  
Risiwald Fenlands of National Importance 5 protected area contained by site 5  
Sabrens Fenlands of National Importance 3 protected area contained by site 3  
Salegg / Chaltenbach / Rohr Fenlands of National Importance 45 protected area contained by site 45  
Säntis Federal Hunting Reserves 3,157 protected area overlaps with site 3,007  
Säntisgebiet Landscapes and Natural Monuments of National Importance 17,939 protected area overlaps with site 15,180  
Schattenhalbriet / Zilmüslen Fenlands of National Importance 59 protected area overlaps with site 58  
Schoenenboden/Sommerigchopf Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Schönenboden Fenlands of National Importance 10 protected area overlaps with site 7  
Schwägalp Mire Landscapes of National Importance 2,831 protected area contained by site 2,831  
Schwendiseen Fenlands of National Importance 12 protected area contained by site 12  
Schwendiseen Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 20 protected area contained by site 20  
Speer-Churfirsten-Alvier Landscapes and Natural Monuments of National Importance 30,294 protected area overlaps with site 20,686  
Vorder Höhi Mire Landscapes of National Importance 794 protected area contained by site 794  
Vordere Wartegg Fenlands of National Importance 4 protected area contained by site 4  
Vordere Wartegg Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Westlich Längenegg Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 3 protected area contained by site 3  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  35%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  43%
Artificial - terrestrial Other urban and industrial areas; Urban parks and gardens  2%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  15%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 43%
forestry -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport 2%

Protection status BLN-Landschaften: Säntisgebiet: grösstenteils im IBA; Speer – Churfirsten – Alvier: teilweise im IBA; Moorlandschaften: Gamperfin: vollständig im IBA; Gräppelen: vollständig im IBA; Schwägalp: vollständig im IBA; Vorder Höhi: vollständig im IBA; Flachmoore: 28 Objekte: 26 ganz im IBA; Hochmoore: 23 Objekte: vollständig im IBA; Auengebiete: Ampferenboden: vollständig im IBA; Jagdbanngebiete: Säntis: vollständig im IBA;

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Upper Toggenburg and Säntis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife