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Location Switzerland, Neuchâtel
Central coordinates 6o 44.00' East  46o 58.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3
Area 22,954 ha
Altitude 800 - 1,430m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SVS/BirdLife Switzerland



Summary An area of the Jura mountains with open valleys, containing extensive raised bogs and wet meadows, and extensive subalpine forest on the slopes. An important site for breeding raptors, particularly Black Kite, Red Kite and Common Kestrel, and species associated with subalpine conifer forest. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Corncrake. One of the main threats is agricultural intensification in bog areas. The site is included in a Corncrake conservation project and mowing has been delayed in some sites.

Site description Das Gebiet liegt im Neuenburger Jura und reicht bis zur französischen Landesgrenze. Es umfasst drei Juraketten und die beiden dazwischen liegenden breiteren Täler: La Sagne bis Les Ponts-de-Martel und La Chaux-de-Fonds bis La Brévine. Beide Ebenen weisen grössere Hoch- und Flachmoorkomplexe (Les Ponts-de-Martel, La Brévine), Weiden und ausgedehnte feuchte und extensiv genutzte Wiesen auf. Die Ebenen sind weitgehend strukturfrei und offen, kleinere Dörfer und Bauernhöfe befinden sich am Rand der Talböden. Zwei kleine Städte (La Chaux-de-Fonds, Le Locle) liegen ebenfalls innerhalb des IBAs. Die Nordhänge der Juraketten sind hauptsächlich von subalpinem Fichtenwald bedeckt, im Gegensatz dazu dominieren an den Südhängen Laubhölzer. Auf den Jurahöhen ist der Fichtenwald als Rinder- und Pferdeweide stark aufgelockert. Den höchsten Punkt des IBAs bildet der Mont Racine mit 1439 m ü.M.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Kite Milvus migrans breeding  1996  20 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Red Kite Milvus milvus breeding  1996  30 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Near Threatened 
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus breeding  1996  250-400 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus breeding  1996  40-100 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bemont/Chez Petoud Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 7 protected area contained by site 7  
Creux du Van et gorges de l'Areuse Landscapes and Natural Monuments of National Importance 2,123 protected area overlaps with site 335  
Creux-du-Van Federal Hunting Reserves 1,821 protected area overlaps with site 43  
La Brévine Mire Landscapes of National Importance 1,015 protected area contained by site 1,015  
Le Bied des Ponts-de-Martel Fenlands of National Importance 7 protected area contained by site 7  
Le Brouillet Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Les Chauchets Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Les Eplatures-Temple Fenlands of National Importance 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Les Eplatures-Temple Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 3 protected area contained by site 2  
Les Goudebas Fenlands of National Importance 10 protected area contained by site 7  
Les Ponts-de-Martel Mire Landscapes of National Importance 1,609 protected area contained by site 1,609  
Les Saignolis Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 22 protected area contained by site 22  
Marais de la Chatagne Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 14 protected area contained by site 14  
Marais de Pouillerel/Marais Jean Colard Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 3 protected area contained by site 3  
Rond Buisson Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 8 protected area contained by site 8  
Tourbière des Ponts-de-Martel Landscapes and Natural Monuments of National Importance 114 protected area contained by site 114  
Tourbieres du Cachot Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 27 protected area contained by site 27  
Vallee des Ponts-de-Martel Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 215 protected area contained by site 215  
Vallée du Doubs Landscapes and Natural Monuments of National Importance 3,874 protected area overlaps with site 50  
Vallée du la Brevine Landscapes and Natural Monuments of National Importance 4,195 protected area overlaps with site 2,279  
Vers le Maix Rochat Fenlands of National Importance 3 protected area contained by site 3  
Vers le Maix Rochat Raised and Transitional Bogs of National Importance 11 protected area contained by site 11  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  34%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  53%
Wetlands (inland) Blanket bogs; Raised bogs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Other urban and industrial areas; Urban parks and gardens  7%
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  1%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 54%
forestry -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport 7%

Protection status BLN-Landschaften: Creux du Van / Gorges de l’Areuse: teilweise im IBA; Tourbière des Ponts-de-Martel: vollständig im IBA; Vallée de la Brévine: teilweise im IBA; Vallée de Doubs: wenig im IBA; Moorlandschaften: La Brévine: vollständig im IBA; Les Ponts-de-Martel: vollständig im IBA; Flachmoore: 4 Objekte: vollständig im IBA; Hochmoore: 11 Objekte: vollständig im IBA; Jagdbanngebiete: Creux-du-Van: wenig im IBA; Pläne für einen strengeren Schutz der Moorlandschaft von Les Ponts-de-Martel liegen auf. Die Ebene La Sagne – Les Ponts-de-Martel, Les Roulet und die Vallée de La Brévine sind Kernregionen im Artenförderungsprogramm Wachtelkönig.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: La Brévine and Les Ponts-de-Martel. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife