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Location Latvia, Cesis district,Cesis municipality,Ligatne municipality,Riga district,Valmiera district
Central coordinates 25o 4.00' East  57o 18.00' North
IBA criteria C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 92,322 ha
Altitude 105 - 120m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Latvijas Ornitologijas Biedriba

Site description Large and uniquely diverse area situated along a 93.5 km long stretch of the Gauja river valley, interspersed by valleys and ravines of its numerous unregulated tributaries. About half of the area is forested, mixed with patches of cultural and farmed landscape. The largest wetland is Suda bog (2575 ha), a natural open raised bog with numerous lakes and pools. The latter constituted a separate IBA listed since 1994 [4, 5, 1]. With the application of the IBA C criteria, the site is now vastly enlarged to encompass the whole national park area. Fully protected: there is a 99.8% overlap with Gauja national park, a candidate SPA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bean Goose Anser fabalis passage  1994-2004  500-3,000 individuals  unknown  C3  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1994-2004  6-10 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  1994-2004  110-150 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  1994-2004  150-200 breeding pairs  unknown  C1  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  1994-2004  300-1,000 individuals  unknown  C2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1994-2004  3-5 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum resident  1994-2004  20-35 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis breeding  1994-2004  32-81 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius resident  1994-2004  25-50 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Dendrocopos leucotos resident  1994-2004  20-30 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Picoides tridactylus resident  1994-2004  10-20 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  1994-2004  50-80 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Ficedula parva breeding  1994-2004  160-320 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gaujas nacionalais parks National Park 92,261 protected area overlaps with site 92,094  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  54%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  4%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Urban parks and gardens  34%
Grassland Mesophile grasslands  4%
Shrubland Scrub  4%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 30%
hunting major
agriculture 20%
fisheries/aquaculture -
urban/industrial/transport -
tourism/recreation 75%
nature conservation and research minor

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gauja national park. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife