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Location Austria, Niederösterreich
Central coordinates 15o 9.00' East  48o 44.00' North
IBA criteria B2
Area 4,754 ha
Altitude 462 - 560m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

BirdLife Austria

Site description There are about 1,400 fish-ponds with a total surface of about 1,700 ha. The IBA consists of six discrete areas isolated from each other. Larger ponds often have extensive stands of reed Phragmites and other aquatic vegetation. Wet grassland, hay-meadows and Picea forests surround the ponds. The main human activity is fish-farming with some agriculture.

Key Biodiversity The site is important for breeding species associated with reedbeds and open water. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Crex crex (5-10 breeding pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gadwall Mareca strepera breeding  1998-1999  22-37 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula breeding  1998-1999  37-38 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bruneiteich Nature Reserve 44 protected area overlaps with site 40  
Gebhartsteich Nature Reserve 86 protected area overlaps with site 86  
Gemeindeau Nature Reserve 30 protected area overlaps with site 30  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland  10%
Grassland Mesophile grasslands  20%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  20%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  50%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 30%
fisheries/aquaculture 20%
agriculture 50%

Protection status National Low International High160 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserves (Bruneiteich, 44 ha; Gebhartsteich, 86 ha; Gemeindeau, 30 ha). 3,500 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Waldviertler Teich, Heide-und Moorlandschaften, 54,486 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel. Downloaded from on 01/12/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife