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Location Austria, Niederösterreich
Central coordinates 16o 14.00' East  47o 50.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 13,300 ha
Altitude 210 - 355m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

BirdLife Austria

Site description The Steinfeld is an extensive plain south of Vienna. Until recently it was the largest area of primary dry grassland in central Europe. Today, 20 km2of grassland remain, mainly within a military area. The remainder of the IBA is arable land and Pinus nigra plantations. There are also several large gravel-pits and two small airfields.

Key Biodiversity The area is important for breeding species associated with grassland and arable agriculture. The IBA contains Austria's most important population of Burhinus oedicnemus and the largest population of Caprimulgus europaeus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Burhinus oedicnemus breeding  1997-2005  5-10 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  1997-2005  80 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris breeding  1997-2005  25 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  15%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas  85%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport 15%
military 10%
forestry 20%
agriculture 55%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Steinfeld. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife