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Location Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway), Svalbard
Central coordinates 11o 15.00' East  78o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3
Area 463,310 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,084m
Year of IBA assessment 2014

Site description The site comprises the whole of the long island of Prins Karls Forland. The habitat is high-Arctic tundra. Bird data are available for three subsites: Forlandsøyene Bird Sanctuary (78°20'N 11°36'E), Plankeholmane Bird Sanctuary (78°12'N 12°00'E) and Fuglehuken (78°53'N 10°30'E). Forlandsøyene covers three islands and a few small skerries; one island is bare, the other two are grassy with small pools. Fuglehuken is an area of sea cliffs at the northern tip of Prins Karls Forland.

Key Biodiversity There are significant numbers of breeding Branta leucopsis, and the seabird colonies at Fuglehuken are notable, especially for Uria lomvia (40,000 birds).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Eider Somateria mollissima breeding  1984-1992  2,562 mature individuals  unknown  B1i, B3  Near Threatened 
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis breeding  2005-2014  frequent  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Skua Catharacta skua breeding  2011  40 breeding pairs  unknown  B3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia breeding  2011  56,000 mature individuals  medium  B1ii, B2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  2011  56,000 mature individuals  medium  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Forlandet National Park 462,689 protected area contained by site 462,689  
Forlandsoyane Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 60 protected area contained by site 60  
Forlandsøyene Seabird Reserve 539 protected area contained by site 539  
Plankeholmene Seabird Reserve 162 protected area contained by site 162  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Tundra  -
Sea Open Sea  -
Coastline Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

Protection status National High International Low64,000 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Forlandet, 64,000 ha). 60 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Forlandsøyene [Bird Sanctuary], 60 ha). 162 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Plankeholmane, 162 ha). 60 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Forlandsøyene, 60 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Forlandet National Park. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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