|Central coordinates||11o 45.00' East 65o 49.00' North|
|IBA criteria||B1i, B3|
|Altitude||0 - 800m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2014|
Site description Vega is an archipelago of several thousand small islands and islets. Some of the largest islands are partly cultivated and inhabited. The landscape is a mosaic of peatbogs and rocky areas, with scattered brackish tarns between Viksås and Holand, and near Valen, as well as some freshwater ponds. Intertidal areas are extensive, with seaweed beds, nutrient-rich mud, and rock, sand and gravel; the most important mudflats for birds are on the northern side of the main island.
Key Biodiversity Haliaeetus albicilla is common all year-round. Anser brachyrhynchus is numerous on passage in spring. A wide variety of waders often breed, and large numbers stage on the island shores in early autumn. Seaduck are the most common wintering waterbirds in the shallow areas west and north of the main island, and include Somateria spectabilis (c.500).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis||passage||2004-2013||600-1,400 individuals||good||B1i||Least Concern|
|Common Eider Somateria mollissima||breeding||2010-2014||2,700-3,500 breeding pairs||good||B1i, B3||Near Threatened|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||breeding||2005-2014||650-3,000 breeding pairs||medium||B1i||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Holandsosen||Nature Reserve||250||protected area contained by site||0|
|Hysvær/Søla||Protected Landscape||9,317||protected area contained by site||0|
|Kjellerhaugvatnet||Nature Reserve||198||protected area contained by site||0|
|Lånan, Flovær og Skjærvær||Wildlife Conservation Area||71||protected area contained by site||0|
|Lånan/Skjærvær||Nature Reserve||11,292||protected area contained by site||0|
|Muddværet||Wildlife Conservation Area||959||protected area contained by site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Blanket bogs; Standing brackish and salt water||-|
|Sea||Open Sea; Sea inlets and coastal features||-|
|Coastline||Mud flats & sand flats; Rock stacks and islets||-|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Arable land||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status National Partial International NonePart of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Kjellerhaugvatn; area unknown). Part of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Sveavatn; area unknown). Part of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Vikåsleirene; area unknown).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Vega archipelago. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/02/2016
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