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Location India, Gujarat
Central coordinates 72o 3.23' East  22o 55.55' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 200 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Bhashkarpara wetland, near Narmada Canal, is situated near Vitthalgadh, Surendranagar district, about 20 km from Viramgam and 45 km from Surendranagar. The size of this wetlands is c. 200 ha area. It attracts thousands of waterfowl during winter. The wetlands is surrounded by agriculture fields and some natural vegetation. As the site is located near Nalsarovar, there is regular exchange of birds between these two IBAs.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Not much is known about the bird life of this IBA, except that it attracts thousands of ducks, cranes, geese and waders. The Near Threatened Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus is also seen here. A few pairs of Sarus Crane Grus antigone are sometimes seen. Globally threatened Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis is also seen occasionally. We have selected this site on the basis of the presence of threatened species (A1 criteria) and presence of more than 20,000 waterfowl (A4iii criteria).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: The Indian Wild Ass Equus onager is sometimes seen in the area. The other large mammal is Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus - a species considered crop pest.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor non-breeding  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala non-breeding  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus non-breeding  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus non-breeding  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster non-breeding  present  A1  Near Threatened 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone non-breeding  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis non-breeding  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds non-breeding  20,000-49,999 individuals  poor  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2003 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
water management -
Notes: Irrigation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Yogendra M. Shah, Chiku Vora, Faruk Chavahan, Vishal Thoria and Prashant Chavda.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bhashkarpara. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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