|Central coordinates||72o 3.23' East 22o 55.55' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Bhashkarpara wetland, near Narmada Canal, is situated near Vitthalgadh, Surendranagar district, about 20 km from Viramgam and 45 km from Surendranagar. The size of this wetlands is c. 200 ha area. It attracts thousands of waterfowl during winter. The wetlands is surrounded by agriculture fields and some natural vegetation. As the site is located near Nalsarovar, there is regular exchange of birds between these two IBAs.
AVIFAUNA: Not much is known about the bird life of this IBA, except that it attracts thousands of ducks, cranes, geese and waders. The Near Threatened Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus is also seen here. A few pairs of Sarus Crane Grus antigone are sometimes seen. Globally threatened Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis is also seen occasionally. We have selected this site on the basis of the presence of threatened species (A1 criteria) and presence of more than 20,000 waterfowl (A4iii criteria).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: The Indian Wild Ass Equus onager is sometimes seen in the area. The other large mammal is Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus - a species considered crop pest.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor||non-breeding||-||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala||non-breeding||-||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus||non-breeding||-||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus||non-breeding||-||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster||non-breeding||-||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||-||-||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||non-breeding||-||-||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis||non-breeding||-||-||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||non-breeding||-||20,000-49,999 individuals||poor||A4iii|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use)||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Yogendra M. Shah, Chiku Vora, Faruk Chavahan, Vishal Thoria and Prashant Chavda.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bhashkarpara. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/07/2016
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