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Location Anguilla (to UK)
Central coordinates 63o 8.20' West  18o 10.75' North
IBA criteria B4i
Area 21 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2013


Site description 

Meads Bay Pond consists of one main basin which is nearly triangular in shape. During the 1980s, dredging activities that took place within the pond caused this wetland to be the deepest on the Anguilla mainland. The pond is comprised of marl substrate on its northern side and limestone on its southern side. Within the boundaries of the pond, there are two main sandbars: one within the midsection of the pond and on the northern side and, the other, along the western end which essentially sections off the last hundred feet of the pond. The land to the east and south of the pond is sloped at a higher incline than that north and west of the pond. 

The pond is closely bordered on its northern side by a paved road. Behind the road is a dune which, over the years, has been developed and is now lined by a stretch of hotels, villas, and restaurants. The road continues along the eastern side of the pond, although setback from the pondline. A connecting main road runs east-west on the southern side of the pond and then continues more closely on its western end. 

The vegetation surrounding the pond is comprised of buttonwood mangrove (Conocarpus erectus). Some acacia (Acacia macracantha) and grey nicker (Caesalpinia bonduc) can be found along the western end of the pond. Vegetation along the eastern end of the pond is dense and makes access/passage difficult.
At the end of 2012, Best Buy Supermarket on was in the initial stages of construction on the land adjacent to the southwest corner of the pond. A retaining wall between the pond and the construction site was built to control the sediment and erosion.

Hydrological value:

Meads Bay Pond is brackish and receives its water from rainfall, runoff, and from its close proximity to Mead’s Bay. While the pond has no known springs, due to its depth and holding capacity, the pond never dries out completely. 

The pond is sectioned off on its western end by a sand bar that runs north-south and completely across the pond. The sandbar was artificially constructed from the remnants of material dredged from the pond’s centre and accounts for the shallower western end of the pond. It is unclear how this division of the pond has affected its hydrology.

No water management measures are employed at this pond. Currently, monitoring of salinity, phosphates, nitrates, phosphates, pH, turbidity, dissolved oxygen and other gasses does not occur.

Key Biodiversity 

Overview of bird interests:

Average bird numbers at this pond increase between the first and second years of the study period. Numbers then declined for two years, before increasing again in 2011.

The most abundant species observed throughout this period were Least tern, Black-necked stilts, White-cheeked pintail, and Lesser yellowleg.
The most productive time of year for this pond is during the spring through to the end of summer. During this time, migration is still underway and accounts for the increase in the overall number of birds observed.

Overview of botanical interests:

Additional studies required.

Overview of other biodiversity interests:

Additional studies required.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus non-breeding  2008  max 37 individuals  good  B4i  Least Concern 
Least Tern Sternula antillarum breeding  2011  max 65 individuals  good  B4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes & pools  major
Forest Mangrove  major
Coastline Sand bars, banks & spits; Sand dunes & beaches  major
Shrubland Arid lowland scrub  minor

Land ownership 


Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research minor
Notes: Bird Monitoring
tourism/recreation minor
Notes: birding,

Protection status None

Access/Land-Owner requests None

Acknowledgements Author: Clarissa Lloyd, Anguilla National Trust.

Edited by: Farah Mukhida, Anguilla National Trust


Anguilla National Trust. ANT wetland bird count data (2007 – 2011). Unpublished.

Daniels, Edsel B. 2011. Anguilla Wetlands Mapping Project Report: A component of the UK DFID/OTEP funded “Building a Foundation for Anguilla’s Wetland Future” Project. Unpublished Report.

Holliday, S.H.; Hodge, K.V.D.; Hughes, D.E. 2007. A guide to the birds of Anguilla. Bedfordshire, England; Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.

Lloyd C. and Mukhida, F. 2012. The state of Anguilla’s wetland birds 2007-2011. The Valley, Anguilla: Anguilla National Trust.

Raffaele, H.; Wiley, J.;Garrido, O.; Keith, A. ; Raffaele, J. (2003) Birds of the West Indies. New Jersey, USA: Princeton University Press.

Subin, E, Dudley, J, Crock, J, Bryan, JAS, Thomas, R, Christian, I, Vanterpool, V & Warner, B (1998) A Field Guide to Anguilla’s Wetlands. Anguilla National Trust, The Valley, Anguilla

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Meads Bay Pond. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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