|Location||Anguilla (to UK)|
|Central coordinates||63o 8.20' West 18o 10.75' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2013|
Meads Bay Pond consists of one main basin which is nearly triangular in shape. During the 1980s, dredging activities that took place within the pond caused this wetland to be the deepest on the Anguilla mainland. The pond is comprised of marl substrate on its northern side and limestone on its southern side. Within the boundaries of the pond, there are two main sandbars: one within the midsection of the pond and on the northern side and, the other, along the western end which essentially sections off the last hundred feet of the pond. The land to the east and south of the pond is sloped at a higher incline than that north and west of the pond.
The pond is closely bordered on its northern side by a paved road. Behind the road is a dune which, over the years, has been developed and is now lined by a stretch of hotels, villas, and restaurants. The road continues along the eastern side of the pond, although setback from the pondline. A connecting main road runs east-west on the southern side of the pond and then continues more closely on its western end.
The vegetation surrounding the pond is comprised of buttonwood mangrove (Conocarpus erectus). Some acacia (Acacia macracantha) and grey nicker (Caesalpinia bonduc) can be found along the western end of the pond. Vegetation along the eastern end of the pond is dense and makes access/passage difficult.
At the end of 2012, Best Buy Supermarket on was in the initial stages of construction on the land adjacent to the southwest corner of the pond. A retaining wall between the pond and the construction site was built to control the sediment and erosion.
Meads Bay Pond is brackish and receives its water from rainfall, runoff, and from its close proximity to Mead’s Bay. While the pond has no known springs, due to its depth and holding capacity, the pond never dries out completely.
The pond is sectioned off on its western end by a sand bar that runs north-south and completely across the pond. The sandbar was artificially constructed from the remnants of material dredged from the pond’s centre and accounts for the shallower western end of the pond. It is unclear how this division of the pond has affected its hydrology.
No water management measures are employed at this pond. Currently, monitoring of salinity, phosphates, nitrates, phosphates, pH, turbidity, dissolved oxygen and other gasses does not occur.
Overview of bird interests:
Average bird numbers at this pond increase between the first and second years of the study period. Numbers then declined for two years, before increasing again in 2011.
The most abundant species observed throughout this period were Least tern, Black-necked stilts, White-cheeked pintail, and Lesser yellowleg.
The most productive time of year for this pond is during the spring through to the end of summer. During this time, migration is still underway and accounts for the increase in the overall number of birds observed.
Overview of botanical interests:
Additional studies required.
Overview of other biodiversity interests:
Additional studies required.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus||non-breeding||2008||max 37 individuals||good||B4i||Least Concern|
|Least Tern Sternula antillarum||breeding||2011||max 65 individuals||good||B4i||Least Concern|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target)||past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Climate change and severe weather||drought||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Climate change and severe weather||habitat shifting and alteration||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||whole area/population (>90%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Climate change and severe weather||storms and floods||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Climate change and severe weather||temperature extremes||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||whole area/population (>90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Geological events||earthquakes/tsunamis||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Geological events||volcanic eruptions||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||whole area/population (>90%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||other ecosystem modifications||past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Pollution||air-borne pollutants - smog||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Pollution||domestic & urban waste water - run-off||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Pollution||domestic & urban waste water - sewage||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Pollution||excess energy - light pollution||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Pollution||excess energy - noise pollution||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Pollution||garbage & solid waste||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Residential and commercial development||commercial and industrial development||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Residential and commercial development||housing and urban areas||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Residential and commercial development||tourism and recreation areas||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Transportation and service corridors||roads and railroads||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Transportation and service corridors||utility & service lines||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Sternula antillarum||Least Tern||45||45||individuals||100||favourable|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Very little or no conservation action taking place||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Freshwater lakes & pools||major|
|Coastline||Sand bars, banks & spits; Sand dunes & beaches||major|
|Shrubland||Arid lowland scrub||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||minor|
|Notes: Bird Monitoring|
Protection status None
Access/Land-Owner requests None
Acknowledgements Author: Clarissa Lloyd, Anguilla National Trust.
Anguilla National Trust. ANT wetland bird count data (2007 – 2011). Unpublished.
Daniels, Edsel B. 2011. Anguilla Wetlands Mapping Project Report: A component of the UK DFID/OTEP funded “Building a Foundation for Anguilla’s Wetland Future” Project. Unpublished Report.
Holliday, S.H.; Hodge, K.V.D.; Hughes, D.E. 2007. A guide to the birds of Anguilla. Bedfordshire, England; Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.
Lloyd C. and Mukhida, F. 2012. The state of Anguilla’s wetland birds 2007-2011. The Valley, Anguilla: Anguilla National Trust.
Raffaele, H.; Wiley, J.;Garrido, O.; Keith, A. ; Raffaele, J. (2003) Birds of the West Indies. New Jersey, USA: Princeton University Press.
Subin, E, Dudley, J, Crock, J, Bryan, JAS, Thomas, R, Christian, I, Vanterpool, V & Warner, B (1998) A Field Guide to Anguilla’s Wetlands. Anguilla National Trust, The Valley, Anguilla
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Meads Bay Pond. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2015
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