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Location Anguilla (to UK)
Central coordinates 63o 16.08' West  18o 16.47' North
IBA criteria A2, B4i
Area 19 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2014





Site description 

West End pond is one of the larger brackish ponds and is the western-most wetland of all ponds on the mainland. This pond consists of one basin split into two by a causeway. East of the causeway, the pond appears more circular while west of the causeway the pond narrows and lengthens. The first basin features a number of rock walls previously used during periods of salt harvesting in Anguilla and has mostly rocky shorelines and a marl substrate. The second basin is relatively inaccessible as it lies behind the property of Cove Castles Resort.

A causeway, running through the pond provides access to the tourism developments that line the beach at Shoal Bay West. The causeway branches out into two unpaved roads going in opposite directions; both of which lead to the tourism related properties. There is a culvert through the causeway that connects both ends of the pond.

The pond is surrounded by stands of buttonwood, black and white mangrove on the western shoreline of its first basin with white and buttonwood mangrove along its eastern shoreline and all along the second basin. The south-eastern side of the pond has undergone some vegetation clearing resulting in a more exposed and landscaped shoreline.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus passage  2007  max 14 individuals  good  B4i  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo passage  2007  max 5 individuals  good  B4i  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2013  present  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis resident  2013  present  A2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high near favourable negligible
Habitat
-

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Geological events earthquakes/tsunamis happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Geological events volcanic eruptions likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution air-borne pollutants - smog happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - run-off happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Shrubland Arid lowland scrub  0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  minor
Shrubland Arid lowland scrub  minor
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes & pools  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation minor
Notes: Birdwatching
nature conservation and research major
Notes: Bird Monitoring Programme

References 

ANT wetland bird count data (2007 – 2011).

Lloyd C. and Mukhida, F. 2012. The state of Anguilla’s wetland birds 2007-2011. The Valley, Anguilla: Anguilla National Trust.

Holliday, S.H., Hodge, K.V.D., Hughes, D.E., (2007).  A guide to the birds of Anguilla.  RSPB, England

Subin, E, Dudley, J, Crock, J, Bryan, JAS, Thomas, R, Christian, I, Vanterpool, V & Warner, B (1998) A Field Guide to Anguilla’s Wetlands. Anguilla National Trust, The Valley, Anguilla

Raffaele, H., Wiley, J.,Garrido, O., Keith, A. , Raffaele, J. (2003) Birds of the West Indies. Princeton University Press, NJ, USA

 

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: West End Pond. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife