|Location||Anguilla (to UK)|
|Central coordinates||63o 16.08' West 18o 16.47' North|
|IBA criteria||A2, B4i|
|Year of IBA assessment||2014|
West End pond is one of the larger brackish ponds and is the western-most wetland of all ponds on the mainland. This pond consists of one basin split into two by a causeway. East of the causeway, the pond appears more circular while west of the causeway the pond narrows and lengthens. The first basin features a number of rock walls previously used during periods of salt harvesting in Anguilla and has mostly rocky shorelines and a marl substrate. The second basin is relatively inaccessible as it lies behind the property of Cove Castles Resort.
A causeway, running through the pond provides access to the tourism developments that line the beach at Shoal Bay West. The causeway branches out into two unpaved roads going in opposite directions; both of which lead to the tourism related properties. There is a culvert through the causeway that connects both ends of the pond.The pond is surrounded by stands of buttonwood, black and white mangrove on the western shoreline of its first basin with white and buttonwood mangrove along its eastern shoreline and all along the second basin. The south-eastern side of the pond has undergone some vegetation clearing resulting in a more exposed and landscaped shoreline.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus||passage||2007||max 14 individuals||good||B4i||Least Concern|
|Common Tern Sterna hirundo||passage||2007||max 5 individuals||good||B4i||Least Concern|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2013||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis||resident||2013||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Coastline||Sand dunes & beaches||minor|
|Shrubland||Arid lowland scrub||minor|
|Wetlands (inland)||Freshwater lakes & pools||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
|Notes: Bird Monitoring Programme|
ANT wetland bird count data (2007 – 2011).
Lloyd C. and Mukhida, F. 2012. The state of Anguilla’s wetland birds 2007-2011. The Valley, Anguilla: Anguilla National Trust.
Holliday, S.H., Hodge, K.V.D., Hughes, D.E., (2007). A guide to the birds of Anguilla. RSPB, England
Subin, E, Dudley, J,
Crock, J, Bryan, JAS, Thomas, R, Christian, I, Vanterpool, V & Warner, B
(1998) A Field Guide to Anguilla’s
Wetlands. Anguilla National Trust, The Valley, Anguilla
Raffaele, H., Wiley, J.,Garrido, O., Keith, A. , Raffaele, J. (2003) Birds of the West Indies. Princeton University Press, NJ, USA
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: West End Pond. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2016
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