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Location Anguilla (to UK)
Central coordinates 63o 16.08' West  18o 16.47' North
IBA criteria A2, B4i
Area 19 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2014

Site description 

West End pond is one of the larger brackish ponds and is the western-most wetland of all ponds on the mainland. This pond consists of one basin split into two by a causeway. East of the causeway, the pond appears more circular while west of the causeway the pond narrows and lengthens. The first basin features a number of rock walls previously used during periods of salt harvesting in Anguilla and has mostly rocky shorelines and a marl substrate. The second basin is relatively inaccessible as it lies behind the property of Cove Castles Resort.

A causeway, running through the pond provides access to the tourism developments that line the beach at Shoal Bay West. The causeway branches out into two unpaved roads going in opposite directions; both of which lead to the tourism related properties. There is a culvert through the causeway that connects both ends of the pond.

The pond is surrounded by stands of buttonwood, black and white mangrove on the western shoreline of its first basin with white and buttonwood mangrove along its eastern shoreline and all along the second basin. The south-eastern side of the pond has undergone some vegetation clearing resulting in a more exposed and landscaped shoreline.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus passage  2007  max 14 individuals  good  B4i  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo passage  2007  max 5 individuals  good  B4i  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2013  present  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis resident  2013  present  A2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  minor
Shrubland Arid lowland scrub  minor
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes & pools  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation minor
Notes: Birdwatching
nature conservation and research major
Notes: Bird Monitoring Programme


ANT wetland bird count data (2007 – 2011).

Lloyd C. and Mukhida, F. 2012. The state of Anguilla’s wetland birds 2007-2011. The Valley, Anguilla: Anguilla National Trust.

Holliday, S.H., Hodge, K.V.D., Hughes, D.E., (2007).  A guide to the birds of Anguilla.  RSPB, England

Subin, E, Dudley, J, Crock, J, Bryan, JAS, Thomas, R, Christian, I, Vanterpool, V & Warner, B (1998) A Field Guide to Anguilla’s Wetlands. Anguilla National Trust, The Valley, Anguilla

Raffaele, H., Wiley, J.,Garrido, O., Keith, A. , Raffaele, J. (2003) Birds of the West Indies. Princeton University Press, NJ, USA


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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: West End Pond. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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