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Location Armenia, Ararat
Central coordinates 44o 54.50' East  40o 1.94' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, B2
Area 24,422 ha
Altitude 1,102 - 2,966m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Armenian Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)

Site description The Khosrov Reserve lies in a central part of southern Armenia. The terrain is rather complicated. The entire area is typically alpine, densely traversed by primary and side-gorges, high plateaus and inter-montane depressions, massive towering mountain ranges, volcanic expanses and isolated mountain peaks. Two alpine rivers, the Azat and Verdi, with tributaries and a small lake (0.3 ha) are within the IBA. The area extends over four landscape zones: desert/semi-desert, mountain steppe, woodland, and alpine and subalpine meadows, though much valuable high-altitude habitat (meadow steppe on plateaus and rocky areas) lies outside the reserve.

Key Biodiversity At least 156 species have been recorded and 76 of these have been proved to breed. An outstanding site for raptors, with at least 21 species breeding and three possibly breeding, including Aquila chrysaetos, A. pomarina, Circaetus gallicus, Accipiter brevipes and, uniquely in Armenia, a small relict population of Aegolius funereus. A colony of Apus melba in Azat Gorge numbers some 2,000 birds. Among other breeding birds are Dendrocopos medius, Oenanthe hispanica, Monticola saxatilis, M. solitarius and Bucanetes githagineus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Caspian Snowcock Tetraogallus caspius resident  2-3 breeding pairs  A3, B2  Least Concern 
Chukar Alectoris chukar breeding  300 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus resident  3 breeding pairs  B2  Near Threatened 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  5-6 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Endangered 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  15-20 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  7-9 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Near Threatened 
Buteo rufinus resident  4-5 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Scops-owl Otus scops breeding  50-60 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  7-10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster breeding  200-300 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Rock-nuthatch Sitta tephronota resident  60-70 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria breeding  2-4 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius breeding  30-35 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  5-7 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed high

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Khosrov State Reserve 29,196 protected area contains site 24,422  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Wooded steppe  -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  -
Desert Semidesert  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
nature conservation and research minor
tourism/recreation minor

Protection status National High International None29,196 ha of IBA covered by Strict Nature Reserve (Zapovednik) (Khosrov, 29,196 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Khosrov Reserve. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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