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Location Cyprus, Larnaca District
Central coordinates 33o 21.00' East  34o 50.86' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Area 4,787 ha
Altitude 0 - 680m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus

Summary The site, which captures the valley of the Pentashoinos River from the Mahairas Mountains to the Larnaca coast, is an even mix of forest, shrubland and agricultural mosaic which hosts breeding Bonelli’s Eagles and Rollers as well as the Cyprus endemics. The valley is also a “bottleneck” for migrating passerines. 

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus breeding  2005-2011  50-249 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata breeding  2005-2011  2-4 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2005-2011  10-40 breeding pairs  medium  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax breeding  2005-2011  2,000-3,000 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca breeding  2005-2011  300-500 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
DASOS MACHAIRA CY2000004 Habitats Directive 4,428 protected area is adjacent to site 26  
POTAMOS PENTASCHINOS CY6000008 Birds Directive 4,058 protected area contained by site 4,047  
TZIONIA CY2000013 Birds Directive 4,656 protected area overlaps with site 26  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  29%
Forest Native coniferous woodland  36%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  31%
Wetlands (inland)   4%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pentashoinos River. Downloaded from on 19/04/2015

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