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Location Cyprus, Larnaca District
Central coordinates 33o 21.00' East  34o 50.86' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Area 4,787 ha
Altitude 0 - 680m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus

Summary The site, which captures the valley of the Pentashoinos River from the Mahairas Mountains to the Larnaca coast, is an even mix of forest, shrubland and agricultural mosaic which hosts breeding Bonelli's Eagles and Rollers as well as the Cyprus endemics. The valley is also a bottleneck for migrating passerines.

Site description Important numbers of breeding Bonelli’s Eagles (Aquila fasciata), European Rollers (Coracias garrulus) and Cyprus Warblers (Sylvia melanothorax) are the key features of this new IBA. The site, which captures the valley of the Pentashoinos River, from the Mahairas Mountains to the Larnaca coast, is also important for breeding Cyprus Wheatears (Oenanthe cypriaca) and Black Francolins (Francolinus francolinus). The site also hosts breeding Long-legged Buzzards (Buteo rufinus) and Peregrine Falcons (Falco peregrinus), though not in qualifying numbers. The valley is also a “bottleneck” for migrating passerines, a fact that does not escape the unwelcome and destructive attentions of illegal bird trappers.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus breeding  2005-2011  50-249 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata breeding  2005-2011  2-4 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2005-2011  10-40 breeding pairs  medium  A1, C1  Least Concern 
Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax breeding  2005-2011  2,000-3,000 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca breeding  2005-2011  300-500 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  29%
Forest Native coniferous woodland  36%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  31%
Wetlands (inland)   4%

References Hellicar, M.A., Anastasi, V., Beton, D. & Snape, R. (2014). Important Bird Areas of Cyprus. BirdLife Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pentashoinos River. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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