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Location Serbia, East Serbia
Central coordinates 22o 45.00' East  43o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 149,782 ha
Altitude 400 - 2,169m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Bird Protection and Study Society of Serbia (Affiliate)

Site description The largest massif in eastern Serbia, close to the Bulgarian border; this is a transboundary IBA, listed as `Tchuprene' (Bulgarian site 002). Habitat-types present include sparse coniferous (spruce Picea, fir Abies) and broadleaved (beech Fagus) forest, sub-Mediterranean thickets, and alpine/steppic pastures. Human activities are limited.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors and other upland species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca resident  2000-2008  30-50 breeding pairs  B2  Near Threatened 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  2000-2008  1-2 breeding pairs  A1  Endangered 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  2000-2008  5-7 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Buteo rufinus resident  2000-2008  7-8 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  2000-2008  15-20 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Stara planina Regional Nature Park 142,000 protected area contained by site 141,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  30%
Shrubland   -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Dry siliceous grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  50%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs; Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas   8%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  15%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
forestry 40%
hunting 60%
nature conservation and research 10%
tourism/recreation 5%
not utilised 40%

Protection status National Partial International NoneIBA overlaps with Regional Nature Park (Stara planina, 142,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Stara mountain-Vidlic. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife