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Location Cyprus, Paphos District
Central coordinates 32o 32.27' East  34o 49.93' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Area 7,492 ha
Altitude 65 - 710m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus

Summary This site covers the valley of the Ezousa River plus surrounding areas and hosts a variety of vegetation communities from low-intensity farmland and grazed grasslands to shrubland, creating a landscape mosaic attractive to a rich bird community. The site is of importance to birds of the open countryside, like Rollers and Long-legged Buzzards.

Site description This new IBA site covers the valley of the Ezousa River plus surrounding areas and hosts a variety of vegetation communities and a rich bird community. The main qualifying species are European Roller (Coracias garrulus), Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus) and Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), which all have important breeding populations in this remote area. Cyprus Wheatear (Oenanthe cypriaca) and Cyprus Warbler (Sylvia melanothorax) are also found in good numbers here, as are the qualifying game species Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus) and Chukar (Alectoris chukar). This site is also an important feeding area for the Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) and hosts one breeding pair of Bonelli’s Eagle (Aquila fasciata). The valley - the westernmost of the four ‘valley’ IBAs carved by rivers flowing from the Troodos massif to the south-west coast – is also important for raptor autumn passage.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Chukar Alectoris chukar breeding  2005-2011  1,000-1,500 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus breeding  2005-2011  50-249 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus breeding  2005-2011  3-5 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus breeding  2005-2011  4-6 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2005-2011  20-80 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax breeding  2005-2011  1,000-2,000 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca breeding  2005-2011  500-1,000 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Urban parks and gardens  50%
Grassland   11%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  39%

References Hellicar, M.A., Anastasi, V., Beton, D. & Snape, R. (2014). Important Bird Areas of Cyprus. BirdLife Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ezousa Valley and Cliffs. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife