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Location Cyprus, Nicosia District
Central coordinates 33o 27.37' East  35o 11.64' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, C1, C6
Area 592 ha
Altitude 85 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus

Summary A man-made set of sewage treatment pools and surrounding agricultural land on the outskirts of Nicosia. The site attracts breeding waders and has regularly attracted small but significant numbers of the globally threatened White-headed Duck in winter.

Site description A man-made set of sewage treatment pools on the meandering course of the seasonal Pedieos River across the open expanses of the Mesaoria Plain. This newly identified IBA is on the outskirts of the capital, Nicosia, and north of the island’s UN-controlled buffer zone. The site has regularly attracted small but significant numbers of the globally threatened Whiteheaded Duck (Oxyura leucocephala) in the winter months. It is also among the ‘top 5’ breeding sites in Cyprus for two key breeding waders, the Spur-winged Lapwing (Vanellus spinosus) and the Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus). It also hosts a small but significant breeding number of Calandra Larks (Melanocorypha calandra).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  2005-2011  1-2 individuals  good  A1, C1  Endangered 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  2005-2011  1-30 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  2005-2011  2-13 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra breeding  2005-2011  < 50 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas  100%

References Hellicar, M.A., Anastasi, V., Beton, D. & Snape, R. (2014). Important Bird Areas of Cyprus. BirdLife Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mia Milia Sewage Treatment Plant. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife