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Location Serbia, Southeast Serbia
Central coordinates 22o 3.00' East  42o 22.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3
Area 14,942 ha
Altitude 410 - 1,345m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Bird Protection and Study Society of Serbia (Affiliate)

Site description An extensive valley surrounded by the mountains of Kozjak, Rujen and Vlasinske in south-east Serbia, on the borders with Macedonia and Bulgaria. The diverse vegetation reflects sub-Mediterranean influences. Degraded oak Quercus forest occurs with open, dry grassland and areas of scrub. Human activities include cattle-rearing and some agriculture, as well as tourism at a low level.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for a number of species associated with open, heterogeneous landscapes.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  2000-2008  max 1 breeding pairs  A1  Endangered 
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator breeding  2005-2008  40-60 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Sombre Tit Parus lugubris resident  2000-2008  100-150 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Djavolja varos Natural Monument 67 protected area contained by site 2,606  
Prohor Pciniski Landscape Nature Reserve 120 protected area contained by site 120  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Wooded steppe  35%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  25%
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  10%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  3%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  15%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 15%
forestry 30%
tourism/recreation 5%
urban/industrial/transport 10%
not utilised 30%
hunting -

Protection status National Low International None120 ha of IBA covered by Landscape Nature Reserve (Prohor Pciniski, 120 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pcinja. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife