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Location Latvia, Liepaja district
Central coordinates 21o 3.07' East  56o 10.52' North
IBA criteria C2, C3, C5, C6
Area 10,416 ha
Altitude 0 - 3m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Latvijas Ornitologijas Biedriba

Site description Complex site on the Baltic coast, comprising two large wetlands, both formerly separate IBAs: the shallow coastal lagoon lake Pape and the Nida raised bog (IBA boundary transformations shown in Fig. 5-1). Surrounding forests and meadows, disperse human settlements as well as a 25 km stretch of the sea shore are included. Lake Pape was included in the first European IBA inventory [4], and along with Nida bog IBA was listed in the subsequent international and national site lists [5, 6, 1]. Fully protected: there is a 99.9% overlap with Pape nature park, a candidate SPA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bean Goose Anser fabalis passage  1994-2004  1,000-5,000 individuals  unknown  C3  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus passage  1994-2004  200-500 individuals  unknown  C2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris breeding  1994-2004  25-35 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus breeding  1994-2004  20-30 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Little Crake Zapornia parva breeding  1994-2004  10-25 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  3,000 individuals  C5   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pape Nature Park 51,778 protected area contains site 10,407  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  28%
Shrubland Scrub  12%
Grassland Mesophile grasslands  9%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes  5%
Other   2%
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
hunting major
nature conservation and research -
fisheries/aquaculture 20%
tourism/recreation major
urban/industrial/transport minor

Related state of the world's birds case studies

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pape. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife