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Location Latvia, Liepaja district
Central coordinates 21o 3.07' East  56o 10.52' North
IBA criteria C2, C3, C5, C6
Area 10,416 ha
Altitude 0 - 3m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Latvijas Ornitologijas Biedriba

Site description Complex site on the Baltic coast, comprising two large wetlands, both formerly separate IBAs: the shallow coastal lagoon lake Pape and the Nida raised bog (IBA boundary transformations shown in Fig. 5-1). Surrounding forests and meadows, disperse human settlements as well as a 25 km stretch of the sea shore are included. Lake Pape was included in the first European IBA inventory [4], and along with Nida bog IBA was listed in the subsequent international and national site lists [5, 6, 1]. Fully protected: there is a 99.9% overlap with Pape nature park, a candidate SPA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bean Goose Anser fabalis passage  1994-2004  1,000-5,000 individuals  unknown  C3  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus passage  1994-2004  200-500 individuals  unknown  C2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris breeding  1994-2004  25-35 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus breeding  1994-2004  20-30 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Little Crake Zapornia parva breeding  1994-2004  10-25 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  3,000 individuals  C5   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pape Nature Park 51,778 protected area contains site 10,407  
Pape - LV0303500 Birds Directive 51,778 protected area contains site 10,416  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  28%
Shrubland Scrub  12%
Grassland Mesophile grasslands  9%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes  5%
Other   2%
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
hunting major
nature conservation and research -
fisheries/aquaculture 20%
tourism/recreation major
urban/industrial/transport minor

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pape. Downloaded from on 27/04/2015

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