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Location Slovakia, Prešov
Central coordinates 20o 38.47' East  49o 8.59' North
IBA criteria C1, C6
Area 52,914 ha
Altitude 450 - 1,289m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Slovak Ornithological Society / BirdLife Slovakia

Site description The central part of these hills and mountains is covered by Picea, Fagus and Abies forest, with subalpine and mesophile meadows occurring on the ridges. Away from the centre the landscape is more open with arable land, pasture, small areas of mixed forest and a few villages. Almost half of the IBA area is used for military training and is closed to the public.

Key Biodiversity An important site for forest and upland species. Ciconia nigra, Tetrao tetrix, Picoides tridactylus and Turdus torquatus also breed.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos breeding  1995-2003  7 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  1995-2003  80-160 males only  C1  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium unfavourable negligible

Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle 7 7 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  Unknown  Unknown  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bisar Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Hajik Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 4 protected area contained by site 4  
Jazerec Nature Monument / Private Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 1  
Podhorske Nature Monument / Private Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 1  
Uhliska Protected Site 3 protected area contained by site 3  
Valalska voda Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 14 protected area contained by site 14  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  60%
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  10%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  25%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 25%
forestry 60%
military 45%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
hunting 95%

Protection status National Low International NoneThe IBA partially or wholly overlaps with the following national designated areas. Nature Reserves: Bišár, Hájik, Valalská voda. Protected range: Uhliská. Natural Monuments: Jazerec, Podhorské.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Levocské hills. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife