email a friend
printable version
Location Slovakia, Košice
Central coordinates 21o 0.14' East  48o 47.11' North
IBA criteria C6
Area 128,014 ha
Altitude 240 - 1,322m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Slovak Ornithological Society / BirdLife Slovakia



Site description This extensive range of hills and mountains is divided into several units by deep, broad river valleys. The relief is gentle in the south and sharper in the north, where gorges, canyons, cliffs and other scattered rock formations occur. The forests consist mainly of Fagus, Picea, Abies and Acer. Mesophile and boreal meadows exist at higher altitudes, whilst the edges of the IBA are covered by meadows, arable land and urban/industrial zones. The area as a whole is not densely populated.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1995-2003  30-40 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  1995-2003  23-29 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  1995-2003  40-50 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Ural Owl Strix uralensis breeding  1995-2003  100-140 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum breeding  1995-2003  150-170 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis breeding  1995-2003  10-20 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Picoides tridactylus breeding  1995-2003  120-180 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Dendrocopos leucotos breeding  1995-2003  180-280 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius breeding  1995-2003  130-270 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Picus canus breeding  1995-2003  120-180 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio breeding  1995-2003  1,200-2,400 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva breeding  1995-2003  1,700-2,300 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis breeding  1995-2003  3,700-7,300 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dolina Èiernej Moldavy - SKUEV0348 Habitats Directive 1,897 protected area contained by site 1,897  
Drieòovec - SKUEV0342 Habitats Directive 218 protected area overlaps with site 20  
Èervené skaly National Nature Reserve 391 protected area contained by site 391  
Folkmarská skala - SKUEV0351 Habitats Directive 141 protected area contained by site 141  
Galmus - SKUEV0287 Habitats Directive 2,690 protected area contained by site 2,690  
Galmuska tisina National Nature Reserve 56 protected area contained by site 56  
Hnilecké rašeliniská - SKUEV0354 Habitats Directive 55 protected area contained by site 55  
Horný vrch - SKUEV0356 Habitats Directive 5,861 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Jánsky potok - SKUEV0291 Habitats Directive 26 protected area contained by site 26  
Kloptan Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 27 protected area contained by site 27  
Knola Protected Site / Private Protected Site 220 protected area contained by site 220  
Margecianska linia Nature Monument / Private Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 1  
Muran Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 181 protected area contained by site 181  
Muráò - SKUEV0106 Habitats Directive 176 protected area contained by site 176  
Polianske raselinisko Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 19 protected area contained by site 19  
Slovenský kras - SKCHVU027 Birds Directive 40,601 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Slovenský raj - SKUEV0112 Habitats Directive 15,696 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Starovodské jedliny - SKUEV0344 Habitats Directive 398 protected area contained by site 398  
Stredné Pohornádie - SKUEV0328 Habitats Directive 7,276 protected area overlaps with site 6,372  
Volovské vrchy - SKCHVU036 Birds Directive 127,989 is identical to site 126,798  
Zavadske skalky Nature Monument / Private Nature Monument 4 protected area contained by site 4  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  75%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  10%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  15%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 15%
forestry 75%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
hunting 95%
tourism/recreation 15%

Protection status National Low International NoneThe IBA partially or wholly overlaps with the following national designated areas. National Nature Reserves: èervené skaly, Galmuská tisina. Nature Reserve: Kloptaò, Muráò, Rašelinisko Po¾ana. Protected range: Knola. Natural Monuments: Margecianska línia, Závadské skalky.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Volovské hills. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife