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Location Slovakia, Košice
Central coordinates 20o 40.34' East  48o 34.43' North
IBA criteria C6
Area 40,616 ha
Altitude 185 - 1,030m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Slovak Ornithological Society / BirdLife Slovakia



Site description An extensive area of hills and plateaus situated near to the Hungarian border. The IBA is part of the largest karst area in central Europe, and is characterized by karst holes, caverns, canyons, deep valleys and gorges. Fagus and Quercus forests predominate, and are interspersed with drought-tolerant and calcareous meadows at higher altitudes, and with arable land and wetlands on lower ground. Human activities include cattle- and sheep-grazing, cereal-growing, afforestation, timber production and quarrying.

Key Biodiversity An important site for breeding birds of forest, scrub and open heterogeneous landscapes. A migration route passes through the centre of the IBA along the Slaná river. Ciconia nigra, Pernis apivorus, Circaetus gallicus and other raptors, Porzana parva, Caprimulgus europaeus, Alcedo atthis, Picus canus and Lullula arborea also breed. Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (2-4 pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris breeding  1995-2003  1-3 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  1995-2003  1-3 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  1995-2003  110-170 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius breeding  1995-2003  210-290 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea breeding  1995-2003  50-90 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria breeding  1995-2003  500-700 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ardovska jaskyna National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Brazda National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Brzotinske skaly National Nature Reserve 434 protected area contained by site 434  
Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst World Heritage Site 56,563 protected area overlaps with site 28,811  
Diviacia priepast National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Domica National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Domicke skrapy National Nature Reserve 24 protected area contained by site 24  
Drienovska jaskyna National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Drieòovec National Nature Reserve 186 protected area contained by site 186  
Gerlasske skaly Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 22 protected area contained by site 22  
Gombasecka jaskyna National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Havrania skala National Nature Reserve 147 protected area contained by site 147  
Hrusovska jaskyna National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Hrusovska lesostep National Nature Reserve 41 protected area contained by site 41  
Jasovska jaskyna National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Jasovske dubiny National Nature Reserve 35 protected area contained by site 35  
Keèovské skrapy National Nature Reserve 7 protected area contained by site 7  
Kralova studna Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 11 protected area contained by site 11  
Krasnohorska jaskyna National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Kunia priepast National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Milada National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Obrovska priepast National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Palanta Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 87 protected area contained by site 87  
Pod Fabiankou Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Pod Strá_nym hrebeòom National Nature Reserve 97 protected area contained by site 97  
Silicka ladnica National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Skalisty potok National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 1  
Slovenský kras Protected Landscape Area 36,166 protected area contained by site 36,166  
Slovensky Kras Protected Landscape Area UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 74,500 protected area contained by site 36,166  
Snezna diera National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Sokolia skala Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 12 protected area contained by site 12  
Turniansky hradný vrch National Nature Reserve 14 protected area contained by site 14  
Zádielska tiesòava National Nature Reserve 215 protected area contained by site 215  
Zemne hradisko Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 56 protected area contained by site 56  
Zvoniva jama National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone; Wooded steppe  60%
Shrubland Scrub  10%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  20%
Introduced vegetation   -
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
forestry 60%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
not utilised 5%
hunting 95%
tourism/recreation 35%

Protection status National Partial International PartialThe IBA partially or wholly overlaps with the following national designated areas. National Nature Reserves: Brzotínske skaly, Domické škrapy, Drieòovec, Havrania skala, Hrušovská lesostep, Jasovské dubiny, Keèovské škrapy, Palanta, Pod Strážnym hrebeòom, Turniansky hradný vrch, Zádielska tiesòava. Nature Reserves: Gerlachovské skaly, Krá¾ova studòa, Pod Fabiankou, Sokolia skala, Zemné hradisko. Protected Landscape Area: Slovenský kras. National Natural Monuments: Ardovská jaskyòa, Brázda, Diviaèia priepas, Domica, Drienovská jaskyòa, Gombasecká jaskyòa, Hrušovská jaskyòa, Jasovská jaskyòa, Krásnohorská jaskyòa, Kunia priepas, Milada, Obrovská priepas, Silická ¾adnica, Skalistý potok, Snežná diera, Zvonivá jama. 36,166 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Slovenský kras, 36,166 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Slovenský karst. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2015

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