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Location Slovakia, Košice,Prešov
Central coordinates 22o 16.17' East  48o 48.22' North
IBA criteria C6
Area 53,944 ha
Altitude 118 - 1,073m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Slovak Ornithological Society / BirdLife Slovakia



Site description An extensive range of hills and mountains situated near to the Ukrainian border. Deep valleys traverse the IBA, which includes numerous scattered rock features such as boulders, rock stacks and inland cliffs. Fagus, Carpinus and Acer forest cover the centre of the IBA, with Picea on higher ground and Quercus at lower altitudes. Mesophile meadows occur on north- and east-facing slopes, whereas warmer south- and west-facing slopes support bushes, vineyards and arable land. Part of the IBA (less than 5%) is a military training zone and is closed to the public.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  1995-2003  2-4 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Ural Owl Strix uralensis breeding  1995-2003  100-200 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Dendrocopos leucotos breeding  1995-2003  140-220 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius breeding  1995-2003  225-375 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria breeding  1995-2003  500-700 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Beòatinský travertín Natural Monument 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Chlmecka skalka Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Drien Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 11 protected area contained by site 11  
Drieòová - SKUEV0005 Habitats Directive 21 protected area overlaps with site 32  
Durova mlaka Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Èierny potok Natural Monument 3 protected area contained by site 3  
Humenska National Nature Reserve 70 protected area contained by site 70  
Humenská - SKUEV0206 Habitats Directive 199 protected area contained by site 199  
Humenský Sokol - SKUEV0050 Habitats Directive 233 protected area contained by site 233  
Jasenovska bucina Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 21 protected area contained by site 22  
Jedlinka Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 35 protected area contained by site 13  
Jovsianska hrabina National Nature Reserve 258 protected area contained by site 258  
Kamienka Natural Monument 0 protected area contained by site 1  
Krivoštianka - SKUEV0250 Habitats Directive 707 protected area contained by site 707  
Kyjov - SKUEV0051 Habitats Directive 572 protected area contained by site 572  
Lysa Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 4 protected area contained by site 4  
Lysak Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 4 protected area contained by site 4  
Machnaty vrch Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 3 protected area contained by site 3  
Male Morske oko Nature Monument / Private Nature Monument 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Morske oko National Nature Reserve 108 protected area contained by site 108  
Morské oko - SKUEV0209 Habitats Directive 14,962 protected area overlaps with site 15,211  
Motrogon National Nature Reserve 61 protected area contained by site 61  
Pod Trstim Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 7 protected area contained by site 7  
Podhorodský hradný vrch Natural Monument 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Postavka National Nature Reserve 26 protected area contained by site 26  
Roztoky Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Sninský kameò Natural Monument 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Sokol National Nature Reserve 701 protected area contained by site 242  
Vihorlat National Nature Reserve 51 protected area contained by site 51  
Vihorlat Protected Landscape Area 17,485 protected area contained by site 4,383  
Vihorlat - SKCHVU035 Birds Directive 53,855 is identical to site 53,206  
Vihorlat - SKUEV0025 Habitats Directive 297 protected area contained by site 297  
Vihorlatský prales National Nature Reserve 53 protected area contained by site 53  
Vinianska stran Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 28 protected area contained by site 28  
Viniansky hradny vrch Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 52 protected area contained by site 52  
Voniarsky jarok Natural Monument 0 protected area contained by site 1  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland  55%
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Grassland Mesophile grasslands  15%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  25%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 30%
forestry 55%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
hunting 95%
tourism/recreation 10%

Protection status National Low International NoneThe IBA partially or wholly overlaps with the following national designated areas. National Nature Reserves: Humenská, Humenský sokol, Jovsianska hrabina, Morské oko, Motrogon, Podstavka, Vihorlat, Vihorlatský prales. Nature Reserves: Chlmecká skalka, Drieò, Ïurova mláka, Jasenovská buèina, Jedlinka, Lysá, Lysák, Machnatý vrch, Pod Tàstím, Roztoky, Vinianska stráò, Viniansky hradný vrch. Protected Landscape Area: Vihorlat. Natural Monuments: Beòatinský travertín, èierny potok, Kamienka, Malé Morské oko, Podhorodský hradný vrch, Sninský kameò, Voniarsky jarok.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Vihorlat. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife