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Location Slovakia, Prešov,Žilina
Central coordinates 19o 57.02' East  49o 11.43' North
IBA criteria C6
Area 54,717 ha
Altitude 700 - 2,597m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Slovak Ornithological Society / BirdLife Slovakia



Site description An extensive range of mountains situated near to the Polish border. They form the northernmost and highest part of the Western Carpathians. The IBA includes the Eastern Tatras (High Tatras and Belanské Tatras), Western Tatras and part of the Podtatranská basin. The subalpine vegetation consists mainly of Pinus scrub, while the montane zone comprises Picea forest. Forests of Betula, Abies and Acer occur in the Belanské Tatras, and submontane areas consist of grassland, arable land and artificial habitats.

Key Biodiversity An important site for breeding species of forest and subalpine meadows; Pernis apivorus and Lanius excubitor also breed.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia breeding  1995-2003  1,250-1,350 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix breeding  1995-2003  100-120 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus breeding  1995-2003  100-115 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus breeding  1995-2003  2-4 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos breeding  1995-2003  9 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum breeding  1995-2003  180-220 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus breeding  1995-2003  90-130 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Alabastrová jaskyòa Natural Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Batizovska dolina National Nature Reserve 523 protected area contained by site 523  
Belianska jaskyna National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Belianske Tatry National Nature Reserve 5,408 protected area contained by site 5,408  
Bielovodska dolina National Nature Reserve 3,712 protected area contained by site 3,712  
Blata Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 38 protected area contained by site 38  
Bor Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 134 protected area contained by site 134  
Brestovska jaskyna National Nature Monument 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Brezina Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Cikovska Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 6 protected area contained by site 6  
Dolina Bielej vody National Nature Reserve 1,661 protected area contained by site 1,661  
Flak Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 38 protected area contained by site 38  
Furkotska dolina National Nature Reserve 842 protected area contained by site 842  
Goliasova Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 27 protected area contained by site 27  
Grapa Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 41 protected area contained by site 41  
Hradok nad Pavucou dolinou Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 105 protected area contained by site 105  
Hybica - SKUEV0142 Habitats Directive 10 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Hybická tiesòava Natural Monument 11 protected area contained by site 11  
Hybická tiesòava - SKUEV0194 Habitats Directive 557 protected area overlaps with site 488  
Javorova dolina National Nature Reserve 2,251 protected area contained by site 2,251  
Jelsina Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 16 protected area contained by site 16  
Juráòova dolina National Nature Reserve 434 protected area contained by site 434  
Koprova dolina National Nature Reserve 3,221 protected area contained by site 3,221  
Kotlový _þab National Nature Reserve 71 protected area contained by site 71  
Kut Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 11 protected area contained by site 11  
Machy Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 26 protected area contained by site 26  
Machy - SKUEV0308 Habitats Directive 305 protected area contained by site 305  
Macie diery Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 46 protected area contained by site 46  
Medzi bormi Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 7 protected area contained by site 7  
Mengusovska dolina National Nature Reserve 1,613 protected area contained by site 1,613  
Mlynicka dolina National Nature Reserve 704 protected area contained by site 704  
Mnich National Nature Reserve 75 protected area contained by site 75  
Mokriny National Nature Reserve 883 protected area contained by site 883  
Mraznica National Nature Reserve 160 protected area contained by site 160  
Osobita National Nature Reserve 458 protected area contained by site 458  
Pavlova Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 58 protected area contained by site 58  
Pod Crchlou Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 32 protected area contained by site 32  
Pod Suchým hrádkom - SKUEV0306 Habitats Directive 745 protected area overlaps with site 717  
Pos Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 21 protected area contained by site 21  
Prameniste National Nature Reserve 46 protected area contained by site 46  
Raselinisko Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 1  
Rieka Belá - SKUEV0141 Habitats Directive 472 protected area overlaps with site 74  
Roháèske plesá National Nature Reserve 452 protected area contained by site 452  
Sivý vrch National Nature Reserve 113 protected area contained by site 113  
Skalnata dolina National Nature Reserve 1,069 protected area contained by site 1,069  
Slavkovska dolina National Nature Reserve 979 protected area contained by site 979  
Slavkovsky jarok Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Stolska dolina National Nature Reserve 740 protected area contained by site 740  
Studene doliny National Nature Reserve 2,222 protected area contained by site 2,222  
Sucha dolina National Nature Reserve 1,586 protected area overlaps with site 1,450  
Surovec Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 42 protected area contained by site 42  
Švihrová - SKUEV0228 Habitats Directive 6 protected area contained by site 6  
Tatranský národný park National Park 74,111 protected area contained by site 74,111  
Tatry UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 74,111 protected area contained by site 74,111  
Tatry - SKCHVU030 Birds Directive 54,640 is identical to site 53,934  
Tatry - SKUEV0307 Habitats Directive 61,735 protected area overlaps with site 44,026  
Ticha dolina National Nature Reserve 5,967 protected area contained by site 5,967  
Uhlisèatká National Nature Reserve 386 protected area contained by site 386  
Uplaziky Nature Reserve / Private Nature Reserve 31 protected area contained by site 31  
Va_ecká dolina National Nature Reserve 1,186 protected area contained by site 1,186  
Velicka dolina National Nature Reserve 1,217 protected area contained by site 1,217  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  45%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Dry siliceous grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  15%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  5%
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  10%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
forestry 25%
nature conservation and research 40%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
not utilised 15%
tourism/recreation 40%
hunting 40%

Protection status National Partial International PartialThe IBA partially or wholly overlaps with the following national designated areas. National Park: Tatranský národný park. National Nature Reserves: Batizovská dolina, Belianske Tatry, Bielovodská dolina, Dolina Bielej vody, Furkotská dolina, Javorová dolina, Juráòova dolina, Kôprová dolina, Kotlový ž¾ab, Mengusovská dolina, Mlynická dolina, Mních, Mokriny, Mraznica, Osobitá, Pramenište, Roháèske plesá, Sivý vrch, Skalnatá dolina, Slavkovská dolina, Štôlska dolina, Studené doliny, Suchá dolina, Tichá dolina, Uhlišèatká, Važecká dolina, Velická dolina. Nature Reserves: Blatá, Bor, Brezina, èikovská, F¾ak, Goliasová, Grapa, Hrádok nad Pavúèou dolinou, Jelšina, Kút, Machy, Maèie diery, Medzi Bormi, Pavlová, Pod èerch¾ou, Poš, Rašelinisko, Slavkovský jarok, Surovec, úplazíky. National Natural Monuments: Belianska jaskyòa, Brestovská jaskyòa. Natural Monuments: Alabastrová jaskyòa, Hybická tiesòava. 74,111 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Tatry, 74,111 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tatry. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014

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