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Location Serbia, Central Serbia
Central coordinates 20o 50.00' East  43o 15.00' North
IBA criteria B2
Area 45,000 ha
Altitude 650 - 2,016m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Bird Protection and Study Society of Serbia (Affiliate)

Site description The largest mountain in central Serbia; a large coniferous forest (spruce Picea) in the Ravni Kopaonik predominates. A small area is covered with alpine vegetation.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca resident  1995  50-70 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Near Threatened 
Eurasian Scops-owl Otus scops breeding  1996  20-30 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio breeding  1996  400-600 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea resident  1994  80-120 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kopaonik National Park 11,800 protected area contained by site 11,800  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  50%
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Dry siliceous grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  30%
Wetlands (inland)   -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
forestry 70%
hunting 40%
nature conservation and research 30%
tourism/recreation 40%
not utilised -

Protection status National Partial International None11,800 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Kopaonik, 11,800 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kopaonik. Downloaded from on 25/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife