email a friend
printable version
Location Serbia, Central Serbia
Central coordinates 20o 50.00' East  43o 15.00' North
IBA criteria B2
Area 73,850 ha
Altitude 650 - 2,016m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Bird Protection and Study Society of Serbia (Affiliate)

Site description The largest mountain in central Serbia; a large coniferous forest (spruce Picea) in the Ravni Kopaonik predominates. A small area is covered with alpine vegetation.

Key Biodiversity Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Crex crex (5-10 breeding pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca resident  2000-2008  20-40 breeding pairs  B2  Near Threatened 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  2000-2008  2-4 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  2000-2008  12-18 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed low

Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (commercial use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Some of site covered (10-49%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kopaonik National Park 11,800 protected area contained by site 11,809  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  50%
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Dry siliceous grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  30%
Wetlands (inland)   -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
forestry 70%
hunting 40%
nature conservation and research 30%
tourism/recreation 40%
not utilised -

Protection status National Partial International None11,800 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Kopaonik, 11,800 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kopaonik. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife