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Location Serbia, Southwest Serbia
Central coordinates 19o 57.00' East  43o 25.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B1iii, B2
Area 45,911 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,625m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Bird Protection and Study Society of Serbia (Affiliate)

Site description The limestone gorges of the Uvac and Mileševka rivers, situated between the Zlatar, Zlatibor and Jadovnik mountains and the Sjenicka plateau in western Serbia. The central part of the IBA is covered with dense coniferous or mixed forest (spruce Picea, fir Abies, pine Pinus, beech Fagus and oak Quercus); the periphery is mostly bare mountainous terrain. Extensive pasture and mown meadows exist towards the Sjenicka plateau. Human activities include cattle-rearing.

Key Biodiversity The site is important for a variety of breeding raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (wintering).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Goosander Mergus merganser winter  2000-2008  min 3 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  2003-2008  4-5 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  2000-2008  4-7 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  2005-2008  90-95 breeding pairs  B1iii  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  2000-2008  20-30 breeding pairs  A1  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  2000-2008  12-16 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Picus canus resident  2000-2008  20-30 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Picus viridis resident  2000-2008  60-90 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  2000-2008  10-15 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Klisura Reke Uvac Special Nature Reserve 1,200 protected area contained by site 7,543  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  60%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  5%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  10%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  5%
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  10%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
fisheries/aquaculture 5%
forestry 60%
hunting 80%
nature conservation and research 20%
tourism/recreation 10%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
water management 5%
not utilised 10%

Protection status National Low International None1,200 ha of IBA covered by Special Nature Reserve (Klisura Reke Uvac, 1,200 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Uvac-Milesevka. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife