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Location Denmark, Fyns Amtskommune
Central coordinates 10o 13.00' East  55o 36.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, C3
Area 13,060 ha
Altitude 0 - 24m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Dansk Ornitologisk Forening

Site description A shallow sea area with islands and islets holding saltmarsh, and drained and cultivated areas with scattered habitation. Æbelø also supports smaller areas of woodland including some highly valuable old-growth Fagus-dominated forests with other species admixed (Quercus robur, Tilia cordata, Tilia platyphyllus (only site in Denmark), and Ilex aquifolium).

Key Biodiversity Circus aeruginosus, Recurvirostra avosetta, Sterna sandvicensis, S. paradisaea and S. albifrons, listed on Annex I of the EC Birds Directive, breed at the site. Numbers of wintering birds have for unknown reasons decreased since the site was designated as a Special Protection Area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo breeding  1994  2,723 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2010 not assessed very unfavourable not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Anser anser Greylag Goose 1684 1684 individuals 100 favourable
Branta bernicla Brent Goose 105 105 individuals 100 favourable
Cygnus olor Mute Swan 720 142 individuals 20 very unfavourable
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 545 545 individuals 100 favourable
Somateria mollissima Common Eider 13000 2000 individuals 16 very unfavourable
Melanitta fusca 200 54 individuals 27 very unfavourable
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant 4085 1840 breeding pairs 46 unfavourable
Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden Plover 5000 4000 individuals 80 near favourable

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
N Baltic Sea Protected Area (Helcom) 13,177 protected area overlaps with site 12,868  
Naeraa Coast and Aebeloe area Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 13,060 protected area contains site 13,060  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  5%
Coastline Salt marshes  5%
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  75%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  15%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 70%
unknown 30%

Protection status National None International High13,060 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Nærå coast and Æbelø area, 13,800 ha). 13,060 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Æbelø and the coast near Nærå, 13,060 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Nærå Coast and Æbelø area. Downloaded from on 29/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife