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Location Nicaragua
Central coordinates 87o 40.80' West  13o 4.70' North
IBA criteria A4i
Area 72,001 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2012

Site description This Marine IBA is identified using seaward extensions around breeding colonies. It originates from the Nicaragua Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and falls within the Pacific, Eastern Central FAO ocean region. The site covers an area of 720 km2 and borders the coastline. The depth ranges from 0 to 51 m, mean annual sea surface temperature falls between 27.88 and 28.26 °C and mean annual chlorophyll-a concentrations found to range between 1.05 and 6.81 mg/m3.

Key Biodiversity 1 species triggers IBA criteria at this Marine IBA. Seaward extensions around breeding colony; Farallones de Cosiguina include key near-colony areas for breeding populations of Bridled Tern (LC) 900-1440 individuals.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus breeding  1994  900-1,440 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   100%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Farallones de Cosiguina - Marine. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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