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Location Denmark, Københavns Amtskommune
Central coordinates 12o 50.00' East  55o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C2, C3, C4
Area 7,240 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Dansk Ornitologisk Forening

Site description A large flat uncultivated island with saltmarshes surrounded by shallow sea with stony shoals, banks and mudflats; includes the largest area of saltmarsh in Denmark outside Jylland.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser non-breeding  1991  2,616 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis breeding  1998  25 breeding pairs  good  C2  Least Concern 
Mute Swan Cygnus olor non-breeding  1991  3,818 individuals  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1993  201 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus breeding  1995  309 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii, C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Saltholm Baltic Sea Protected Area (Helcom) 7,235 protected area overlaps with site 7,125  
Saltholm Major Conservation Area 1,600 protected area contained by site 1,600  
Saltholm og omliggende hav - DK002X110 Birds Directive 7,218 protected area contained by site 7,218  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Humid grasslands  10%
Coastline Salt marshes  20%
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  75%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 25%
unknown 75%

Protection status National Partial International High7,240 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Saltholm, 7,240 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Saltholm. Downloaded from on 24/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife