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Location Bahamas, Berry Islands
Central coordinates 77o 50.25' West  25o 39.55' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 2,040 ha
Altitude 0 - 7m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

Bahamas National Trust (Partner Designate)

Site description Kemp Cay to Pigeon Cay IBA. The IBA is located approximately 6 km south of Great Harbor Cay in the Berry Islands. The IBA extends from Kemp and Water Cay to the north, to Pigeon and Money Cay to the south. Ambergris Cay and Fanny Cay are the largest of the cays within the IBA. The IBA also includes the expansive sandy shoals and tidal flats associated with the cays, which provide vital foraging habitat for shorebirds during low tides. The cays are generally long a narrow. Ambergris is the longest at approximately 2.6km in length and 0.3km at the widest point. Pigeon Cay is approximately 1.1 km long and 0.3km at the widest point. Fanny Cay is approximately 1.4 km in length and 0.4km at the widest point. The other cays are considerably smaller. The cays are separated by inlets with small creeks that extend westward to the tidal flats, eventually ending on the flats. The flats are vast at low tide and cover approximately 1,500 ha. The beaches are generally narrow and made up of sand and limestone. The beaches, especially at inlets, and the small sand bars south of Ambergris Cay provide high tide roosting and resting areas for birds. Extensive shallow water in the area excludes most recreational boaters, but beaches are visited occasionally by boaters and anglers in small, shallow-draft boats.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Piping Plover Charadrius melodus winter  2011  min 255 individuals  medium  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub  -
Forest Mangrove; Tropical coniferous  -
Sea Sea inlets  -
Coastline   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: The flats are frequented by local fishing guides and recreational anglers seeking bonefish and other sportfish, which are very important to the local economy.

Other biodiversity Bonefish Lemon Shark Green Sea Turtle Loggerhead Sea Turtle Queen Conch

Protection status Not currently protected

Acknowledgements Compilers: Matt Jeffery and Walker Golder (National Audubon Society), Predensa Moore (Bahamas National Trust), Caleb Spiegel (US Fish and Wildlife Service) and Sue Abbott (Bird Studies Canada).

References No other data on this site could be located.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kemp Cay to Pigeon Cay. Downloaded from on 23/09/2014

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