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Location United Kingdom, Scotland
Central coordinates 3o 39.97' West  57o 4.64' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, C1, C6
Area 218,700 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds



Site description A massive area of uplands in Grampian, east Scotland, with diverse habitats, including forestry plantations, native coniferous woods, moorland and bog. Important for breeding raptors, montane and forest species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Grouse Tetrao tetrix resident  2006  good  B2  Least Concern 
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus resident  1990-2005  good  C6  Least Concern 
Merlin Falco columbarius breeding  1992  good  C6  Least Concern 
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus breeding  1990  good  C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  2003  min 26 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Osprey Pandion haliaetus breeding  2006  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus breeding  2004  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Dotterel Eudromias morinellus breeding  1996  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola breeding  2001  good  C6  Least Concern 
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus resident  1994  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica resident  2007  abundant breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Abernethy National Nature Reserve 12,755 protected area contained by site 12,755  
Abernethy Forest Birds Directive 5,793 protected area contained by site 5,793  
Abernethy Forest RSPB Reserve 13,646 protected area contained by site 13,646  
Abernethy Forest Site of Special Scientific Interest 5,796 protected area contained by site 5,796  
Allt Mor Site of Special Scientific Interest 41 protected area contained by site 41  
Ballochbuie Birds Directive 1,882 protected area contained by site 1,882  
Ballochbuie Habitats Directive 1,882 protected area contained by site 1,882  
Beinn A' Ghlo Site of Special Scientific Interest 7,933 protected area overlaps with site 7,238  
Beinn a'Ghlo Habitats Directive 8,085 protected area overlaps with site 7,238  
Ben Vrackie Site of Special Scientific Interest 1,891 protected area contained by site 1,891  
Caenlochan Birds Directive 5,975 protected area contained by site 5,975  
Caenlochan Habitats Directive 5,204 protected area contained by site 5,204  
Caenlochan National Nature Reserve 1,680 protected area contained by site 1,680  
Caenlochan Site of Special Scientific Interest 5,044 protected area contained by site 5,044  
Cairngorm Lochs Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 173 protected area contained by site 173  
Cairngorms Birds Directive 50,592 protected area contained by site 50,592  
Cairngorms Habitats Directive 57,686 protected area contained by site 57,686  
Cairngorms National Nature Reserve 25,948 protected area contained by site 25,948  
Cairngorms National Park 381,654 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Cairngorms Site of Special Scientific Interest 29,162 protected area contained by site 29,162  
Cairngorms Massif Birds Directive 187,504 protected area contained by site 187,504  
Cairnwell Site of Special Scientific Interest 24 protected area contained by site 24  
Coyles Of Muick Site of Special Scientific Interest 123 protected area contained by site 123  
Coyles of Muidk Habitats Directive 135 protected area contained by site 135  
Creag Clunie and The Lion's Face Site of Special Scientific Interest 253 protected area contained by site 253  
Eastern Cairngorms Site of Special Scientific Interest 16,441 protected area contained by site 16,441  
Fafernie Site of Special Scientific Interest 253 protected area contained by site 253  
Forest of Clunie Birds Directive 19,348 protected area contained by site 19,348  
Forest Of Clunie Site of Special Scientific Interest 19,477 protected area contained by site 19,477  
Garbh Choire Site of Special Scientific Interest 229 protected area contained by site 229  
Glas Tulaichean Site of Special Scientific Interest 460 protected area contained by site 460  
Glen Callater Site of Special Scientific Interest 1,577 protected area contained by site 1,577  
Glen Ey Gorge Site of Special Scientific Interest 41 protected area contained by site 41  
Glen Tanar Birds Directive 4,180 protected area contained by site 4,180  
Glen Tanar Habitats Directive 4,180 protected area contained by site 4,180  
Glen Tanar National Nature Reserve 4,185 protected area contained by site 4,185  
Glen Tanar Site of Special Scientific Interest 4,185 protected area contained by site 4,185  
Glenmore Forest Site of Special Scientific Interest 1,440 protected area contained by site 1,440  
Inchrory Site of Special Scientific Interest 1,093 protected area overlaps with site 474  
Loch Brandy Site of Special Scientific Interest 100 protected area contained by site 100  
Lochnagar Birds Directive 1,431 protected area contained by site 1,431  
North Rothiemurchus Pinewood Site of Special Scientific Interest 1,510 protected area contained by site 1,510  
Northern Corries, Cairngorms Site of Special Scientific Interest 2,034 protected area contained by site 2,034  
Pollagach Burn Site of Special Scientific Interest 37 protected area contained by site 37  
Red Craig Site of Special Scientific Interest 105 protected area overlaps with site 86  
River Dee Habitats Directive 2,447 protected area overlaps with site 308  
River Feshie Site of Special Scientific Interest 619 protected area overlaps with site 343  
River South Esk Habitats Directive 479 protected area overlaps with site 20  
River Spey Habitats Directive 5,730 protected area overlaps with site 680  
River Tay Habitats Directive 4,175 protected area overlaps with site 48  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Inland cliffs  minor
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  major
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  major
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland  major
Wetlands (inland) Blanket bogs; Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  minor
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Grampian Mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife