|Location||Kazakhstan, Kyzylorda region|
|Central coordinates||61o 42.00' East 46o 4.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||60 - 80m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Site description The IBA is located 120 km to the south of Aralsk city, 30 km to the north-west of Kazalinsk (new name - Aiteke-By) town and is situated in the north-east part of the Aral depression, in the north-west part of the Kyzylkum desert, among clay- and sand landscapes. It comprises a series of lakes of different size with large reedbeds and salt marshes. The largest lakes are: Laikol, Kamyshlybash, Akchatau, Shumyshkol, Karakol, Zalanash.
Key Biodiversity 319 bird species were recorded here at the beginning of the 20th century, 168 species in the 1970s, and 107 species in May 2001. About 70% of them are waterfowl and waders, with 28 species included in the Red Data Book of Kazakhstan. Some of the lakes are breeding areas for waterfowl, and all of the system has great importance during migration.
Non-bird biodiversity: About 40 species of mammals have been recorded. The lakes are a reservoir for several valuable fish species.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||passage||2005||14,300 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Pochard Aythya ferina||passage||2005||40,100 individuals||good||A4i||Vulnerable|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||breeding||2001-2005||25-60 breeding pairs||medium||A1||Near Threatened|
|Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus||breeding||2001||580 breeding pairs||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||breeding||2001||100 breeding pairs||good||A1||Vulnerable|
|Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus||passage||2005||10,000 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||passage||2001||20,000 individuals||good||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Spangenberg, E.P., and Feigin, G.A. (1936) The birds of low-stream of Syrdarya and of adjacent areas. Collection of works of Zoological Museum of Moscow State University. Moscow. 3: 41-184. (In Russian). Khrokov, V.V. About number of birds at delta lakes and at Syrdarya mouth in spring 2001 (unpublished) (in Russian).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Syrdarya Delta Lakes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/06/2016
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