|Central coordinates||156o 54.00' West 21o 8.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||0 - 1,514m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Site description The Moloka`i Forests Important Bird Area contains most of the native forest remaining on the island. It is 12,295 hectares in size, and extends from near sea level in several locations on the northern shore of the island to the highest summits on the island, Kamakou at 1514 meters (4970 feet) and Olokui at 1404 meters (4606 feet). The terrain is extremely rugged, with narrow ridges separated by deep stream valleys. Sea cliffs over 600 meters (2000 feet) tall, some of the highest in the world, occur in several locations along the northern coastline. Annual rainfall ranges from about one meter in the southwestern part of the area to over four meters at the head of Wailau Valley east of Olokui. Much of the area is covered in dense forest. Invasive alien plants dominate much of the lowlands, but the higher elevations contain primarily intact native forest and shrubland. The Olokui Plateau is an isolated mountain with steep sides that restrict access to alien ungulates, and is one of the most pristine areas in Hawai`i. Despite the high quality native forests that occur in parts of the area, only a few native bird species are left on Moloka`i due to the high prevalence of diseases carried by alien mosquitoes. The area includes the upper elevations of Kalaupapa National Historical Park, Olokui and Pu`u Ali`i State Natural Area Reserves, most of the Moloka`i State Forest Reserve, Kamakou and Pelekunu Nature Conservancy Preserves, and a small amount of private land.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Hawaiian Petrel Pterodroma sandwichensis||breeding||2007||present [units unknown]||poor||A1||Vulnerable|
|Olomao Myadestes lanaiensis||resident||1988||1 individuals||-||Critically Endangered|
|Common Amakihi Hemignathus virens||resident||1980||1,834 individuals||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Iiwi Vestiaria coccinea||resident||1980||80 individuals||good||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Apapane Himatione sanguinea||resident||1980||27,868 individuals||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Kalaupapa||National Historical Park||4,340||protected area contained by site||4,340|
|Kamakou Preserve||Biological Reserve||1,123||protected area contained by site||1,123|
|Moloka‘I Forest||State Forest||53||protected area contained by site||53|
|Olokui||State Natural Area Reserve||656||protected area contained by site||656|
|Pelekunu Preserve||Biological Reserve||2,332||protected area contained by site||2,332|
|Puu Alii||State Natural Area Reserve||538||protected area contained by site||538|
Land ownership The majority of lands comprising the Moloka`i Forests IBA are owned by the State of Hawai`i (69%). These include 90% of the Moloka`i State Forest Reserve, all of the Olokui and Pu`u Ali`i Natural Area Reserves, the portion of Kalaupapa National Historical Park included in the IBA, and a portion (3%) of the Pelekunu Nature Conservancy Preserve. A small portion of the State lands on the southwestern edge of the Moloka`i Forest Reserve are specifically held by the State Department of Hawaiian Homelands. The Nature Conservancy owns 1.5% of the IBA, with their holding comprising 8% of their Pelekunu Preserve. Privately owned parcels comprise 30% of the IBA, including one parcel of the Moloka`i Forest Reserve, the Kamakou Nature Conservancy preserve which is owned by Moloka`i Ranch, and numerous parcels that comprise 89% of the Pelekunu Nature Conservancy Preserve.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||99%|
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Molokai Forests. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/12/2013
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