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Location Romania, Dobrogea
Central coordinates 29o 8.50' East  44o 40.57' North
IBA criteria C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 142,955 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Romanian Ornithological Society



Site description The site includes the narrow sand beach of Chituc and associated coastal waters; there is very little tidal fluctuation. There are only two temporary fishing settlements along a 22 km stretch of coastline.

Key Biodiversity An important area for wintering wildfowl, holding 20,000 or more on a regular basis. Wintering species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca, Oxyura leucocephala and Haliaeetus albicilla.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis passage  1990-2006  200-300 individuals  good  C1  Endangered 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus winter  1990-2006  800-1,200 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  1990-2006  12,000-15,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  1990-2006  8,700-9,500 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Greater Scaup Aythya marila winter  1990-2006  1,500-4,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula winter  1990-2006  410-520 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Smew Mergellus albellus winter  1990-2006  320-460 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Goosander Mergus merganser winter  1990-2006  120-180 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan passage  1990-2006  10,000-17,000 individuals  good  C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena winter  1990-2006  1,200-2,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis winter  1990-2006  2,000-20,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus passage  1990-2006  70-120 individuals  good  C1, C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1990-2006  10,000-27,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  1990-2006  25,000-40,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus passage  1990-2006  700-1,200 individuals  good  C6  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica passage  1990-2006  320-350 individuals  good  C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Mew Gull Larus canus passage  1990-2006  8,000-14,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Larus cachinnans passage  1990-2006  12,000-20,000 individuals  good  C3  Not Recognised 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus passage  1990-2006  20,000-50,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei passage  1990-2006  40-90 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus passage  1990-2006  1,200-1,400 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus passage  1990-2006  10,000-12,000 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia passage  1990-2006  120-140 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis passage  1990-2006  5,200-6,000 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo passage  1990-2006  2,000-4,000 individuals  good  C2  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons passage  1990-2006  300-500 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida passage  1990-2006  2,300-2,500 individuals  good  C2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  1990-2006  110,000-250,000 individuals  good  C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Danube Delta Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 647,000 protected area contains site 5,000  
Danube Delta World Heritage Site 312,440 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 442,000 protected area overlaps with site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 30%
nature conservation and research 100%

Protection status National High International HighIBA overlaps with Biosphere Reserve (Danube Delta).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Black Sea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/08/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife