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Location Antarctica
Central coordinates 55o 55.38' West  61o 28.19' South
IBA criteria A4ii, A4iii
Area 1,004 ha
Altitude 0 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 2015

Site description Aspland Island and Eadie Island and O’Brien Island are ~40-50 km southwest of Elephant Island, in the eastern region of the South Shetland Islands. Aspland Island is the largest of the two, with its lower slopes being ice-free with a permanent ice cap rising to 735 m covering higher terrain. Eadie Island is a small rocky island approximately 2 km across, with an ice-capped summit of over 250 m. The IBA comprises both of these islands.

Little information on the environment at Aspland, Eadie and O’Brien Islands is available. Over 80 terrestrial plant species have been recorded on Elephant Island and its neighbouring islands. On Eadie Island, these include the moss Orthotrichum crassifolium, the lichens Caloplaca sp., Catillaria corymbosa and Unsea antarctica, and the algae Prasiola crispa (Allison and Smith, 1973).

There are no scientific stations in the vicinity of the site, with the nearest facility 155 km to the southwest on King George Island.

Key Biodiversity Sizeable colonies of Chinstrap Penguin (Pygoscelis antarctica) breed on these islands, with approximately 8650 pairs on Aspland Island (Croxall & Kirkwood 1979) and ~5150 pairs on Eadie Island in 1977.

Large colonies of Southern Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialoides) also breed on these islands, with ~9,800 pairs estimated on Aspland Island (Furse 1978) and ~8,500 pairs estimated on Eadie Island in 1977 (Creuwels et al. 2007). Information on other species is not available.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Southern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialoides breeding  1977  18,300 breeding pairs  poor  A4ii  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1977  32,100 breeding pairs  poor  A4iii   

Protection status None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Aspland Island / Eadie Island. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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