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Location Antarctica
Central coordinates 53o 59.84' West  61o 12.09' South
IBA criteria A4ii, A4iii
Area 82 ha
Altitude 0 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 2015

Site description Clarence Island is the easternmost of the South Shetland Islands, lying 30 km east of Elephant Island. Fur Seal Point (also referred to as Fur Seal Beach) lies mid-way along the eastern coast of Clarence Island, to the northwest of Sugarloaf Island.

Information on the environment at this site is not available. There are no research stations in the near vicinity, the closest being around 260 km to the southwest, on King George Island.

Key Biodiversity Approximately 57,500 pairs of Chinstrap Penguin (Pygoscelis antarctica) were recorded breeding at Fur Seal Point in 1977 along with two smaller breeding sites of 12,920 pairs and 30 pairs located offshore (Croxall & Kirkwood 1979).

Southern Fulmar (Fulmarus glacioloides) also breed at Fur Seal Point, one of the two known breeding sites for this species on Clarence Island, the other being at Craggy Point. Approximately 25,475 pairs Southern Fulmar were estimated over the whole of Clarence Island in 1977 (Furse 1978).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Chinstrap Penguin Pygoscelis antarcticus breeding  1977  70,450 breeding pairs  poor  A4ii  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1977  70,450 breeding pairs  poor  A4iii   

Protection status None

References South Orkney Islands

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sugarloaf Island, Clarence Island. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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