|Central coordinates||64o 10.00' West 65o 10.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4ii|
|Altitude||0 - 250m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2011|
Site description Petermann Island is located in Penola Strait, in the Wilhelm Archipelago, ~2 km west of the Graham Coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. Petermann Island extends ~1.8 km from north to south and is about 1.2 km across, with an area of ~103 ha. The IBA includes all of Petermann Island and its surrounding coastal rocks.
Petermann Island has a rocky coastline interspersed by raised pebble beaches and rises fairly steeply to elevations of ~150–250 m. The island has volcanic origins, and about half is covered by a permanent and crevassed icecap. Mosses and lichens have been observed on the island. Antarctic Historic Site and Monument No. 27 on Megalestris Hill marks the position of a plaque erected by the French Antarctic Expedition in 1909. An abandoned Argentine refuge is located on the eastern side of the island.
The nearest scientific station is Vernadsky (Ukraine), a year-round facility located ~9 km to the southwest on Galindez Island. Vernadsky Station has capacity for ~24 people (COMNAP, Antarctic Facilities, accessed 19/08/2010).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Gentoo Penguin Pygoscelis papua||breeding||2009||3,020 breeding pairs||-||A1, A4ii||Near Threatened|
Other biodiversity None known
Protection status None
References Antarctic Treaty System Visitor Site Guide, Petermann Island: URL http://www.ats.aq/siteguidelines/documents/Petermann_e.pdf. Accessed: 10/05/2011.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Petermann Island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/10/2014
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