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Location Antarctica
Central coordinates 54o 10.96' West  61o 15.89' South
IBA criteria A1, A4ii, A4iii
Area 153 ha
Altitude 0 - 250m
Year of IBA assessment 2015

Site description Clarence Island is the easternmost of the South Shetland Islands, lying 30 km east of Elephant Island. The IBA comprises the ice-free coastline extending northward from Craggy Point in the south 3.5 km along the southwestern shoreline of Clarence Island.

The geology of Clarence Island is predominantly metamorphic of Mesozoic age (Marsh & Thomson, 1985). No other information is available on the environment at Craggy Point.

There are no research stations in the near vicinity, the closest being ~250 km to the southwest, on King George Island.

Key Biodiversity Approximately 10,370 pairs of Chinstrap Penguin (Pygoscelis antarctica) were recorded breeding at this site in 1977 (Croxall & Kirkwood 1979). In the same year around 3350 breeding pairs of Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus) were recorded, making this the largest colony of this species in the Antarctic Peninsula region.

Southern Fulmars (Fulmarus glacialoides) are also confirmed breeders at Craggy Point. A count of Southern Fulmars over the whole of Clarence Island was estimated at 25,475 pairs in 1977, with breeding recorded at this site and at Fur Seal Point on the eastern coastline (Furse 1978).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Macaroni Penguin Eudyptes chrysolophus breeding  1977  3,350 breeding pairs  A1  Vulnerable 
Southern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialoides breeding  1977  25,475 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1977  40,395 breeding pairs  poor  A4iii   

Protection status None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Craggy Point, Clarence Island. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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