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Location Antarctica
Central coordinates 55o 46.00' West  63o 35.00' South
IBA criteria A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Area 289 ha
Altitude 0 - 350m
Year of IBA assessment 2011





Site description Paulet Island is situated ~5 km southeast of Dundee Island, east of Tarabin Peninsula, northern Trinity Peninsula. The island is an ice-free extinct volcanic cone of roughly circular shape of ~1.7 km in diameter and rising to ~350 m (ATS Visitor Site Guide: Paulet Island, accessed 06/08/2010). The IBA comprises all of the island.

Scree slopes lie on the southern and western slopes of the island. A flat terrace to the north and northeast, to which visitor access is restricted, is frequently submerged at high-tide. Historic Site and Monument No. 41 is located on Paulet Island, and comprises a stone hut, rock cairn and grave, which were constructed by survivors from the vessel Antarctic which was wrecked close to the island during the Swedish South Polar Expedition of 1901-04.

The nearest scientific station is Petrel (Argentina), a summer-only facility for up to ~55 people (COMNAP, Antarctic Facilities, accessed 06/08/2010) and located on Dundee Island ~25 km to the northwest.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Adelie Penguin Pygoscelis adeliae breeding  1999  95,000-100,000 breeding pairs  A4ii  Near Threatened 
Phalacrocorax atriceps breeding  2006  465 breeding pairs  A4i  Not Recognised 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1999  95,000-100,000 breeding pairs  A4iii   

Other biodiversity Weddell Seal (Leptonychotes weddellii) and Antarctic Fur Seal (Arctocephalus gazella) regularly haul out at Paulet Island, whilst Leopard Seal (Hydrurga leptonyx) are frequently observed hunting offshore.

Protection status None

References Antarctic Treaty System Visitor Site Guide: Paulet Island. URL: http://www.ats.aq/siteguidelines/documents/Paulet_e.pdf. Accessed 06/08/2010

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Paulet Island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

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