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Location Greenland (to Denmark), North and North-east Greenland National Park
Central coordinates 22o 0.00' West  77o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A3, A4i, B1i
Area 100,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 300m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Site description Rolling tundra lowland with lakes and ponds, situated adjacent to the Inland Ice between 76°45'N and 77°35'N. Large expanses of bare ground (moraine) occur close to the ice sheet.

Key Biodiversity This is a significant moulting site for Anser brachyrhynchus. Breeding birds include 6 of the 32 species that are restricted in Europe to the Arctic/tundra biome (when breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus non-breeding  1988  7,000 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis breeding  1988  common  A3  Least Concern 
King Eider Somateria spectabilis breeding  1988  common  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis breeding  1988  common  A3  Vulnerable 
Sanderling Calidris alba breeding  1988  common  A3  Least Concern 
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius breeding  1988  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus breeding  1988  common  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Greenland National Park 97,200,000 protected area contains site 100,000  
North-East Greenland UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 97,200,000 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Heathland  20%
Grassland Tundra  35%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  15%
Coastline   30%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised 100%

Protection status National Partial International PartialIBA overlaps with National Park (North and North-east Greenland). IBA overlaps with Biosphere Reserve (North and North-east Greenland National Park).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Western part of Germania land. Downloaded from on 20/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife