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Location Albania, Shkodër
Central coordinates 19o 26.00' East  41o 52.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 1,500 ha
Altitude 0 - 50m
Year of IBA assessment 2000





Site description The site includes two coastal areas: the Viluni (or Velipoja lagoon) (390 ha) and surrounding Velipoja Game Reserve (694 ha); and the inland Dumi wetland (Keneta e Dumit) comprising a large reedbed. Viluni lagoon is a large, shallow coastal lagoon at the feet of a rocky and forested mountain area (Bregulbunes mountains). The surrounding marshes and the Dumi wetland are drained by a channel. Sand-dunes, beaches and small brackish pools are found along the coastline, while along the Buna river and its delta (to the north and within the IBA) there is riparian deciduous woodland. The main land-uses are hunting, fishing, agriculture and tourism.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus passage  1996  49 individuals  good  A1  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  1996  33-62 individuals  good  A1  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  1996  3 individuals  good  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Buna river-Velipoja wetland complex Protected Landscape 23,027 protected area contains site 1,500  
Velipoja Managed Nature Reserve 700 protected area contained by site 700  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  20%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  15%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  10%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  10%
Coastline Lagoons; Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 25%
forestry 20%
hunting 60%
military 20%
tourism/recreation 5%

Protection status National Partial International None694 ha of IBA covered by Game Reserve (694 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Velipoja. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife