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Location Albania, Kruje
Central coordinates 19o 36.00' East  41o 38.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i
Area 1,211 ha
Altitude 0 - 1m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Site description The site includes two brackish, shallow, coastal lagoons, separated from the sea by two sandbars, with an outlet to the Adriatic Sea in the centre. At low tide several hectares of mudflats are exposed. The site includes the riparian Fushe-Kushe forest with Alnus glutinosa and Populus alba, extending for approximately 50 ha. Adjacent marshes have reedbeds with Juncus maritimus and Typha angustifolia. Until recent drainage the site encompassed 4,200 ha of wetland. The main land-uses are fishing, agriculture, grazing, hunting (the area is a Game Reserve) and tourism (along the sandbars).

Key Biodiversity The area is particularly important for migratory and wintering waders (c.4,000 waterbirds present each year), including the globally endangered Numenius tenuirostris. Formerly a colony of 20-30 pairs of Pelecanus crispus bred on Cabok island.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta winter  1996  87-1,034 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris passage  1992  5 individuals  good  A1  Critically Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Patok-Fushe-Kuqe Managed Nature Reserve 2,200 protected area contains site 1,211  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Native coniferous woodland  10%
Shrubland   10%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing brackish and salt water; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  20%
Coastline Lagoons; Mud flats & sand flats; Salt marshes; Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
fisheries/aquaculture 40%
hunting 80%
tourism/recreation 10%
forestry 10%

Protection status National High International None1,211 ha of IBA covered by Game Reserve (1,211 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Patoku lagoon. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife